HISTORY. Haiti occupies the western third of the large island of Hispaniola which was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Spanish colony was ceded to France in 1697 and became her most prosperous colony with a considerable export of sugar and other produce. After the extirpation of the original Indian inhabitants by the Spaniards (by 1533) large numbers of African slaves were imported whose descendants now populate the country. The slaves obtained their liberation following the French Revolution, but subsequently Napoleon sent his brother-in-law, Gen. Leclerc, to restore French authority and re-impose slavery. Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the slaves who had been appointed a French general and governor, was kidnapped and sent to France, where he died in gaol. However, the reckless courage of the Negro troops and the ravages of yellow fever forced the French to evacuate the island and surrender to the blockading British squadron.
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Books of Reference
- The official gazette is Le Moniteur.Google Scholar
- Revue Agricole d’Haïti. From 1946. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
- Mission to Haïti: Report of the United Nations Mission of Technical Assistance to the Republic of Haiti. Columbia Univ., New York, 1949Google Scholar
- Bellegarde, D., Histoire du Peuple Haïtien. Port-au-Prince, 1953Google Scholar
- De Young, M., Man and Land in the Haitian Economy. Univ. of Florida Press, 1958Google Scholar
- Leyburn, J. G., The Haitian People. Tale Univ., 1941Google Scholar
- Price-Mars, J., La République d’Haïti et la République Dominicaine. Port-au-Prince, 1953Google Scholar
- Rodman, S., Haiti, the Black Republic. New York, 1954Google Scholar
- Simmonds, S., Economic and Commercial Conditions in Hayti. HMSO, 1956Google Scholar
- Turnier, A. Les Etats-Unis et le Marché Haïtien. Washington, D.O., 1955Google Scholar
- Verschueren, J., La république d’Haiti; panorama, échos, vaudoux. 3 vols. Wetteren and Paris, 1948Google Scholar