Advertisement

Switzerland

Schweiz—Suisse—Svizzera
  • S. H. Steinberg
Chapter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. On 1 Aug. 1291 the men of Uri, Schwyz and Lower Unterwalden entered into a defensive league. In 1353 the league included 8 members and in 1513, 13. Various territories were acquired either by single cantons or by several in common, and in 1648 the league became formally independent of the Holy Roman Empire, but no addition was made to the number oi cantons till 1798. In that year, under the influence of France, the unified Helvetic Republic was formed. This failed to satisfy the Swiss, and in 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte, in the Act of Mediation, gave a new constitution, and out of the lands formerly allied or subject increased the number of cantons to 19. In 1815 the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland and the inviolability of her territory were guaranteed by Austria, France, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, Russia, Spain and Sweden, and the Federal Pact which included 3 new cantons, was accepted by the Congress of Vienna. In 1848 a new constitution was passed without foreign interference. This, in turn, was, on 29 May 1874, superseded by the present constitution.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Information. The Bureau fédéral de statistique (15 Hallwyl St, Bern) was established in 1860. Director: A. Meli. Its principal publications are: Annuaire statistique de la Suisse. Bale. From 1891Google Scholar
  2. Statistique de la Suisse. From 1930Google Scholar
  3. Contributions à la Statistique Suisse. From 1930Google Scholar
  4. Bibliographie Suisse de statistique et d’économie politique. Annual, from 1937Google Scholar
  5. Swiss Confederation Annuaire; Budget; Message du Budget; Compte d’Etat (annual) Fédérale; Recueil des Lois fédérates (weekly)Google Scholar
  6. Recueil systématique des lois et ordonnances, 1848–1947 (in German, French and Italian). Bern, 1951Google Scholar
  7. Sammlung der Bundes- und Kantonsverfassungen (in German, French and Italian). Bern, 1937Google Scholar
  8. Federal Department of Economics La Suisse économique et sociale. Berne, 1926–27Google Scholar
  9. La vie économique (and supplements). Monthly. From 192SGoogle Scholar
  10. Legislation sociale de la Suisse. Annual, from 1928Google Scholar
  11. Behrendt, R. F. (ed.), Strukturwandlungen der schweizerischen Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Bern, 1962Google Scholar
  12. Bonjour, E., Offler, H. S., and Potter, G. B., A Short History of Switzerland. Oxford, 1952Google Scholar
  13. Bozeinan, A. B., Regional Conflicts around Geneva. Stanford Univ. Press, 1949Google Scholar
  14. Carol, H., Wirtschaftsgeographische Karte der Schweiz. Bern, 1946Google Scholar
  15. Siegfried, A., Switzerland: a Democratic Way of Life. London, 1950Google Scholar
  16. Who’s Who in Switzerland. Ed. H. and E. Girsberger. Zürich, 1952Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

Personalised recommendations