The Republic of the Sudan

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 the Sudan, which did not include the South and Darfur, was under Egyptian administration. Khedive Ismail of Egypt (ruled 1863–79) restored the centralized authority and appointed a Hakimdar (governor-general) at Khartoum. Caravan roads connected the Sudan with Egypt and Sawakin Port on the Red Sea. Exports included mainly gum arabic, ivory, ostrich feathers, etc.; manufactured goods such as textiles were imported.

Jamhuryat es-Sudan


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Books of Reference

  1. Sudan Almanac. Khartoum (annual)Google Scholar
  2. Directory of the Republic of the Sudan; with Who’s Who in the Sudan. 4th ed. London, 1961–62Google Scholar
  3. Duncan, J. S. B., The Sudan’s Path to Independence. London, 1957Google Scholar
  4. Fabunni, L. A., The Sudan in Anglo-Egyptian Relations. London and New York, 1960Google Scholar
  5. Fawzi, Saad Ed-Din, The Labour Movement in the Sudan, 1946–55. R. Inst. of Int. Affairs, 1957Google Scholar
  6. Gaitskell, A., Gezira. London, 1959Google Scholar
  7. Henderson, K. D., Survey of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1898–1944, London, 1946.Google Scholar
  8. The Making of the modern Sudan : Life and Letters of Sir Douglas Newbold. London, 1953Google Scholar
  9. Holt, P. M., A modern history of the Sudan. New York, 1961Google Scholar
  10. Jackson, H. C., Behind the Modern Sudan. London, 1956Google Scholar
  11. Macmichael, Sir H. A., The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. London, 1954Google Scholar
  12. Tothill, J. D., Agriculture in the Sudan, OUP, 1952Google Scholar
  13. Trimingham, J. S., Islam in the Sudan. London, 1949Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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