In 1863 Panama was a department of the Republic of Colombia, which on 8 May adopted a new constitution under the name of United States of Colombia. Panama’s economy was beginning to flourish owing to the completion of the Panama Railroad in 1855. The economy was, as always, based mainly on the trans-shipment of cargoes across the isthmus.
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Books of Reference
- The Legal Codes (in Spanish). 7 vols. Panama City, 1917Google Scholar
- Panama. Overseas Economic Survey. HMSO, 1955Google Scholar
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- McCain, W. D., The United States and the Republic of Panama. Cambidge, 1987Google Scholar
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- Annual Reports on the Panama Canal, by the Governor of the Canal Zone Rules and Regulations Governing Navigation of the Panama Canal. Balboa Heights, CZ or Washington, DOGoogle Scholar
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- Mack, Gerstle, The Land Divided. New York, 1944Google Scholar