Mongolian People’s Republic

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 the present territory of the Mongolian People’s Republic was administered, “under the Chinese Ministry for Dependent Countries, by an imperial governor and several subordinate governors. In order to escape military conscription, nearly half the male population went into Buddhist monasteries as lay servants or lamas. The rest lived in virtual serfdom under the khans, nobles and higher lamas, who, comprising less than 8% of the population, owned half of the land and livestock.

Bughut Nairamdakh Mongol Arat Ulus


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Books of Reference

  1. The Central Statistical Office in Ulan Bator, set up in 1960, publishes (in Russian): Economic Statistics of the MPR for 40 Years. 1961.—40 Years of the MPR Revolution. 1961Google Scholar
  2. Konstitutsia i osnovnye sakonodatelnye akty Mongolskoy Narodnoy Respubliki. Moscow, 1952. (Russian translation of the constitution and basic laws)Google Scholar
  3. Statistikiyn Emkhetgel [Statistical Yearbook, in Mongolian]. Ulan Bator, 1960 ff.Google Scholar
  4. Istorya Mongolskoy Narodnoy Respubliki. Vol. I. Academy of Sciences. Moscow, 1954Google Scholar
  5. Mongolsky Sbornik. Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1959Google Scholar
  6. Bayrin, E. P., and Myeshcheryakov, M. V., Mongolskaya Narodnaya Respublika, Ekonomika i Vnyeshnaya Torgovlya. Moscow, 1961Google Scholar
  7. Lattimore, O., Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia. Leiden, 1955.—Nomads and Commissars. OUP, 1963Google Scholar
  8. Makhnyenko, A. K., Gosudarstvenny Stroy Mongolskoy Narodnoy Respubliki. Moscow, 1955Google Scholar
  9. Maslennikov, V., Mongolskaya Narodnaya Respublika. Moscow, 1955Google Scholar
  10. Sandjeev, G. D. (ed.), Russian-Mongol Dictionary. Moscow, 1960Google Scholar
  11. Shirendyb, B., Narodnaya Revolutsya v Mongolii. Moscow, 1956Google Scholar
  12. Thiel, E., Die Mongolei. Munich, 1958Google Scholar
  13. Zhagvaral, N. (ed.), The Mongolian People’s Republic. (In English.) Ulan Bator, 1956Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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