The Commonwealth of Australia

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 the continent of Australia contained the 6 separately constituted colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania; New South Wales including the present Northern Territory (until 1863) and Queensland which had only just (1859) been constituted a separate colony. Federation still lay nearly 40 years ahead, although initial steps towards this goal had already been taken. Much of the continent was still unexplored. Gold had been discovered in New South Wales and Victoria some 10 years earlier, and subsequently in Queensland. The country was still recovering from the adverse effects of the early discoveries of gold on other sectors of the economy—in particular agriculture, and in addition New South Wales had recently experienced heavy and greatly destructive floods. The pastoral industry had suffered from the incidence of the anthrax disease. Transportation of convicts had ceased in New South Wales in 1850, but was still continued elsewhere. Manhood suffrage and the vote by ballot had recently been established in New South Wales and Victoria.


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Books of Reference

  1. Official Tear Book of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1907 to dateGoogle Scholar
  2. Pocket Compendium of Australian Statistics. 1913 to dateGoogle Scholar
  3. Quarterly Summary of Australian Statistics. Dee. 1917 to dateGoogle Scholar
  4. Monthly Review of Business Statistics. Oct. 1937 to dateGoogle Scholar
  5. Census—Detailed Tables and Statistician’s Report. 1911–54Google Scholar
  6. Australian Life Tables, 1881–90 to 1953–55Google Scholar
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Other Official Publications

  1. Atlas of Australian Resources [50 maps with commentary]. Dept. of National Development, Melbourne, 1955 ff.Google Scholar
  2. Climatological Atlas of Australia. Bureau of Meteorology. Melbourne, 1940Google Scholar
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Non-Official Publications

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  32. Monthly Summary of Business Statistics. Published since May 1931Google Scholar
  33. Cumberland County Council, Growth of Population in Australia and the County of Cumberland. Sydney, 1959Google Scholar
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  40. Victorian Monthly Statistical Review (from Jan. 1960)Google Scholar
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  45. Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Introducing Queensland. Brisbane, 1961Google Scholar
  46. Queensland-Department of Agriculture and Stock, The Queensland Agricultural and Pastoral Handbook. 2 vols. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
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  53. Best, E. J. (ed.), Introducing South Australia. Cambridge, 1959Google Scholar
  54. Centenary History of South Australia. Royal Geographical Society of Australasia. Adelaide, 1936Google Scholar
  55. Finlayson, H. H., The Red Centre: Man and Beast in the Heart of Australia. 2nd ed. Sydney, 1952Google Scholar
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  63. Barrett, O., Isle of Mountains. London, 1944Google Scholar
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  66. Walch’s Tasmanian Almanac. Hobart and London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  67. Abbott, O. L. A., Australia’s Frontier Province. Sydney, 1950Google Scholar
  68. Australian Institute of Political Science, Northern Australia: Task for a nation. Sydney, 1954Google Scholar
  69. Bray, J. E., Northern Territory in Brief. Alice Springs, 1956Google Scholar
  70. Finlayson, H. H., The lied Centre. 2nd ed. Sydney, 1952Google Scholar
  71. Groom, A., I Saw a Strange Land. Sydney, 1950Google Scholar
  72. Harney, W., Life Among the Aborigines. London, 1957Google Scholar
  73. Hill, E., The Territory. Sydney, 1951Google Scholar
  74. Kyle-Little, S., Whispering Wind: adventures in Arnhem Land. London, 1957Google Scholar
  75. Moorehead, A. C., Rum Jungle. London, 1954Google Scholar
  76. Mountford, O. P., Brown Men and Red Sand. Melbourne, 1949Google Scholar
  77. Pike, G., Darwin, Northern Territory. Darwin, 1956Google Scholar
  78. Simpson, C., Adam in Ochre. Sydney, 1951Google Scholar
  79. Wise, F. J. S., Problems of the Development of the Northern Territory. Canberra, 1956Google Scholar
  80. Report to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Administration of the Territory of New Guinea. 1946/47 to dateGoogle Scholar
  81. Papua and New Guinea Official Research Publications. Port Moresby, 1951 ff.Google Scholar
  82. Belshaw, O. S., The Great Village: the economic and social welfare of Hanuabada, an urban community in Papua. London, 1957Google Scholar
  83. Elkin, A. P., Social Anthropology in Melanesia. Melbourne, 1953Google Scholar
  84. Fry, T. P., Law and Administration in New Guinea. Sydney, 1950Google Scholar
  85. Hogbin, H. I., Transformation Scene: The Changing Culture of a New Guinea Village. London, 1951Google Scholar
  86. Laffin, J., Return to Glory. Sydney, 1956Google Scholar
  87. Legge, J. D., Australian Colonial Policy. Sydney, 1956Google Scholar
  88. Bobson, R. W. (ed.), Handbook of Papua and New Guinea. 2nd ed. Sydney, 1958Google Scholar
  89. Wilkes, J. (ed.), New Guinea and Australia. Austral. Inst. of Political Science, 1959Google Scholar
  90. Report to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Administration of the Territory of Nauru. 1949 tu dateGoogle Scholar
  91. Text of Trusteeship Agreement. (Cmd. 7290; Treaty Series No. 89, 1947)Google Scholar
  92. Ellis, A. F., Mid-Pacific Outposts. Auckland, 1946Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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