In 1863 Hungary was part of the centralized Austrian empire under the constitution of 26 Feb. 1861; Croatia and Slavonia, Transylvania and the Military Frontier region were not included in Hungary. The area of Hungary proper was 179,900 sq. km with a population of 8,054,600, of whom 5m. were Magyars. Pesth and Buda together had nearly 200,000 inhabitants. The economy of the country was poor: agriculture was primitive, and industry of any importance limited to sugar-mills, distilleries and breweries.
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Books of Reference
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