• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 the autonomous grand-duchy of Finland, which had been ceded to Russia by Sweden in 1809, had an area of 136,000 sq. miles and a population (census 1858) of 1,724,193. After an interval of more than 50 years the 4 estates (nobles, clergy, burghers, peasants) were summoned by tsar Alexander II on 19 Sept. and parliamentary and social reforms were promised. Finnish was recognized as the second official language beside Swedish.

Suomen Tasavalta—Republiken Finland


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Books of Reference

  1. Yleinan Väestölaskenta-Allmänna FolkräkningenGeneral Census of Population, 1962. Vol. I, 1962Google Scholar
  2. Suomen Valtiolcalenteri (State Calendar of Finland). Annual. HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  3. Treaty of Peace with Finland (10 Feb. 1947). Cmd. 7484Google Scholar
  4. Introduction to Finland (ed. U. Toivola). Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Helsinki, 1960 [with valuable bibliography]Google Scholar
  5. Suomi: Handbook of Finnish Geography. Finnish Geogr. Society, Helsinki, 1952Google Scholar
  6. Alanne, V. S., Finnish-English Dictionary. Helsinki, 1956Google Scholar
  7. Bell, H. M., Land of Lakes. London, 1950Google Scholar
  8. Evers, W., Suomi-Finnland: Land und Volk. Stuttgart, 1950Google Scholar
  9. Hall, W., Green Gold and Granite. 2nd ed. London, 1957Google Scholar
  10. Jutikkala, E., Atlas of Finnish History. Porvoo-Helsinki, 1949Google Scholar
  11. Kihlberg, J., Speaking of Finland. Helsinki, 1954Google Scholar
  12. Mannerheim, The Memoirs of Marshal Mannerheim. London, 1953Google Scholar
  13. Mazour, A. G., Finland between East and West. Princeton, 1956Google Scholar
  14. Miesmaa, J., Facts about Finland. Helsinki, 1957Google Scholar
  15. Platt, R. R. (ed.), Finland and its Geography. New York, 1955Google Scholar
  16. Shearman, H., Finland. London, 1950Google Scholar
  17. Tuomikoski, A., and Slöör, A., English-Finnish Dictionary. 3rd ed. Helsinki, 1957Google Scholar
  18. Wuorinen, J. H., Finland and World War II. New York, 1948Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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