In 1863 Cambodia covered roughly its present area, with a population of about 2m.—Khmer rice farmers on the lowlands and mixed groups of hillmen on the uplands, whose life had changed little for centuries. All education and learning was with the Buddhist monks ; there were few roads and little trade. In the few small towns the business was done by Chinese. The country had suffered centuries of invasion and exploitation from the Siamese and the Annamites, who had seized and occupied wide areas once Cambodian in the Menam basin and the lower Mekong delta.
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Books of Reference
- Annuaire Statistique Retrospectif du Cambodge. Vol. I, 1937–57; vol. II, 1958–60. Ministry of Planning, Phnôm-Penh.Google Scholar
- Indo-China: Geographical Appreciation. Department of Mines and Technical Surveys. Ottawa, 1953Google Scholar
- Herz, M. P., A Short History of Cambodia. New York and London, 1958Google Scholar
- Steinberg, D. J., Cambodia: its people, its society, its culture. New Haven, Conn., 1959Google Scholar