In 1863 the provinces of Lower Burma or Pegu which the British had annexed in 1826 and 1852 had recently (1862) been amalgamated under a Chief Commissioner of the Indian Government. Upper Burma, with its capital at Mandalay (since 1857), was an autocratic monarchy under King Mindon. A British Resident was stationed at Mandalay and the treaties of 1862 and 1867 opened the country to British trade.
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Books of Reference
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