In 1863 Ceylon was a British colony under a governor, who was aided by an executive council of 5 members and a legislative council of 15, of whom 6 were unofficial. The population (without the British garrison of 4,647 men) was 2·lm. Revenue amounted to £952,790, expenditure to £738,194. Exports to the UK were valued at £3·7m., coffee (2m. lb.) being the most important item, followed by coconut oil and raw cotton. The cultivation of tea began only in 1867. Imports from the UK were £1·lm., one-third of which consisted of cotton manufactures.
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Books of Reference
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