Panama, formerly a department of the Republic of Colombia, asserted its independence on 3 Nov. 1903, and the de facto Government was on 13 Nov. recognized by the Government of the U.S.A., and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914 Colombia agreed to recognize the independence of Panama. This treaty was ratified by the U.S.A. and Colombia in 1921, and on 8 May 1924 diplomatic relations between Colombia and Panama were established.
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Books of Reference
- The Legal Codes (in Spanish). 7 vols. Panama City, 1917Google Scholar
- Panama. Overseas Economic Survey. H.M.S.O., 1955Google Scholar
- Biesanz, J. and M., The People of Panama. Columbia Univ. Press, 1955Google Scholar
- Castihero, Ernesto J., Historia de Panamá. 5th ed. Panama City, 1955Google Scholar
- McCain, W. D., The United States and the Republic of Panama. Cambridge, 1837Google Scholar
- Sasto, J. A., An Introduction to Panamanian Bibliography (Publications of the National Library, No. 4). Panama, 1946Google Scholar
- National Library. Biblioteca Kacionai, Departmento de Información y Circnlacion. Galle 22, Panama.Google Scholar
- Annual Reports on the Panama Canal, by the Goyemor of the Oanal ZoneGoogle Scholar
- Rules and Regulations Governing Navigation of the Panama Canal. Balboa Heights, C.Z. or Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Du Val, M. P., Cadiz to Cathay : the diplomatic struggle for the Panama Canal. 2nd ed. Stanford Univ. Press, 1947.—And the Mountains will Move: the building of the Panama Canal. Stanford Unix. Pres3, 1947Google Scholar
- Mack, Gerstle, The Land Divided. New York, 1944Google Scholar