The Republic of Guatemala was established on 17 April 1839, after having formed for 18 years part of the Confederation of Central America. Following the revolution of June 1954, which overthrew and exiled President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán and brought Col. Castillo Armas into power, the Constitution of 1945 was replaced in Aug. 1954 by a ‘Political Statute.’ On 2 Feb. 1956 a new Constitution was signed by the President; it came into force 1 March 1956. Voting is compulsory for men and women over 18 who can read, and optional for illiterate men and women.
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Books of Reference
- Information. Secretaria de Información. Director: Augusto Mulet Descamps, The official gazette is called El Guatemalteco.Google Scholar
- Memoria de la Secretaría de Hacienda. Annual. GuatemalaGoogle Scholar
- Memoria de la Secretaría de Fomento. Annual. GuatemalaGoogle Scholar
- Adler, J. H., and others, Public Finance and Economic Development in Guatemala. Stamford Univ. Press, 1952Google Scholar
- Blanchi, W. J., Belize. New York, 1959Google Scholar
- Bloomfield, L. M., The British Honduras-Guatemala Dispute. Toronto, 1953Google Scholar
- Holleran, M. P., Church and State in Guatemala. New York, 1949Google Scholar
- McBryde, P. W., Cultural and Historical Geography of South-West Guatemala. Washington, 1947Google Scholar
- Male, P. J. E., Economic and Commercial Conditions in Guatemala. H.M.S.O., 1956Google Scholar
- Mendoza, J. L., Britain and her Treaties on Belize. Guatemala, 1946Google Scholar
- Morton, F., Xelahuh. London, 1959Google Scholar
- Whetten, N. L., Guatemala: the land and the people. Yale Univ. Press, 1961Google Scholar
- National Library. Biblioteca Nacional, 5a Avenida and 8a Calle, Zone 1, Guatemala City. Librarian: Eduardo Prado Ponce.Google Scholar