In 1839 the Central American Federation, which had comprised the states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, was dissolved, and El Salvador became an independent republic. Plans for a gradual federation with Guatemala were discussed between the presidents of both countries in March 1945. The constitution, which came into force in 1950, superseding the 1886 constitution, was abolished by the junta on 3 Jan. 1962. Legislative power was vested in a single chamber, the Legislative Assembly, consisting of deputies, elected for 2 years by universal suffrage, 1 for each group of 38,000 inhabitants. Large powers are vested in the President, whose term is for 6 years ; normally he cannot succeed himself. He has a cabinet of 10 members. In 1945 women were conceded a limited suffrage, but in 1950 universal male and female suffrage was introduced for the elections of the President and the Constituent Assembly.
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Books of Reference
- Statistical Information. The Direeción General de Estadística y Censos (Calle Aree 1006, San Salvador) dates from 1937. Director General: Lieut.-Col. José Roberto Noveliino. Its publications include Anuario Estadístico. Annual, from 1911.—Boletín Estadislico. Quarterly.—Hechos y Cifras de El Salvador. Annual.—Atlas Censal de El Salvador. 1955Google Scholar
- Angel Gallardo, M., Cuatro Constituciones Federales de Centro América y Las Constitutiones Políticas de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1945Google Scholar
- Mestas, A., El Salvador, pais de logos y volcanes Madrid, 1950Google Scholar
- Vogt, W., The Population of El Salvador and its Natural Resources Washington, D.C., 1946Google Scholar
- Wallich, H. C. (ed.), Public Finance in a Developing Country: Et Salvador. Harvard Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar