CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT. Panama, formerly a department of the Republic of Colombia, asserted its independence on 3 Nov. 1903, and the de facto Government was on 13 Nov. recognized by the Government of the U.S.A., and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914 Colombia agreed to recognize the independence of Panama. This treaty was ratified by the U.S.A. and Colombia in 1921, and on 8 May 1924 diplomatic relations between Colombia and Panama were established.
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Books of Reference
- Biesauz, J. and M., The People of Panama. Columbia Univ. Press, 1955Google Scholar
- Oastillero, Ernesto J., Historia de Panamá, 5th ed. Panama City, 1955Google Scholar
- McCain, W. D., The United States and the Republic of Panama. Cambridge, 1937Google Scholar
- Susto, J. A., An Introduction to Panamanian Bibliography (Publications of the National Library, No. 4). Panama, 1946Google Scholar
- A nnual Reports on the Panama Canal, by the Governor of the Oanal ZoneGoogle Scholar
- Rules and Regulations Governing Navigation of the Panama Canal. Balboa Heights, O.Z. or Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Du Val, M. P., Cadie to Cathay: the diplomatic struggle for the Panama Canal. 2nd ed. Stanford Univ. Press, 1947.—And the Mountains will Move: the building of the Panama Canal. Stanford Univ. Press, 19–17Google Scholar
- Mack, Gerstle, The Land Divided. New York, 1944Google Scholar