Estados Unidos do Brasil
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT. Brazil was discovered on 3 May 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabral, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom’, and on 13 May 1822 Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 Sept. 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 Oct. 1822. On 15 Nov. 1889 his only son, Dom Pedro II (1825–91), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a republic.


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Books of Reference

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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