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Poland

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Poland became a state by the union of a number of Slavonic tribes settled in the basins of the Vistula, the Warta and the Oder. The nation was converted to Christianity in 966. Under the Piast dynasty (10th-14th centuries) German ‘eastward expansion’ (Drang nach Osten) deprived Poland of her north-western and western borderlands. After the defeat of the Teutonic Order at Tannenberg (1410) and the partial recovery of Prussia, Poland’s political interests turned eastward. Temporary successes in White Russia and the Ukraine were bought by a permanent weakness on her western front. Poland reached the height of her power in the period between the 14th and 16th centuries under the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty. On its extinction the crown became elective and this, leading to an overgrowth of special rights granted to the nobility and gentry, resulted in the permanent weakness of the central authority. During the 17th and 18th centuries the position of Poland rapidly declined, and eventually, by the three partitions of 1772, 1793 and 1795, the Polish Commonwealth, as it was then called, was divided between Prussia, Russia and Austria.

Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa

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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Information. The Central Statistical Office, Warsaw (Wawelska 1–3), publishes Statistical News (Aug. 1945–49; restarted Sept. 1956, bimonthly); Statistical Studies and Works (from 1950); Statistics of Poland (20 vols. 1946–51; restarted 1957 as Statistical Bulletin, monthly); Statistical Year Book (latest issues, 1958 and 1959; the latter is a shortened version).Google Scholar
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  7. Reddaway, W. F., Penson, J. H., Halecki, O. and Dyboski, R. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Poland. 2 vols. London, 1940–50Google Scholar
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  9. Sharp, S. L., Poland: White Eagle on a Red Field. Harvard Univ. Press, 1953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Stanisławski, J., English-Polish and Polish-English Dictionary. 2 vols. London 1940Google Scholar
  11. Stern, H. P., Struggle for Poland. Washington, 1953Google Scholar
  12. National Library. Biblioteka Narodowa, Rakowiecka 6, WarsawGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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