• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT. Brazil was discovered on 3 May 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabrai, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom’, and on 13 May 1822 Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King Joào of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 Sept. 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 Oct. 1822. On 15 Nov. 1889 his only son, Dora Pedro II (1825–91), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a republic.

Estados Unidos do Brasil


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Anuário Estatistico do Brasil. Conselho Nacional de Estatística, Bio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  2. Brazil, 1943; Resources and Possibilities. (In Portuguese and English. Published by Ministry of Foreign Affaire. Rio de Janeiro, 1945Google Scholar
  3. Brazil Up to Date. Conselho Nacional de Estatística, Bio de Janeiro, 1955Google Scholar
  4. Bulletin of the British Cliamber of Commerce in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  5. Who’s Who in Latin America. Part VI : Brazil. Stanford, 1948Google Scholar
  6. Azevedo, Fernando de, Brazilian Culture. New York 1950Google Scholar
  7. Oalogeras, Joāo Pandiá, A History of Brazil. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1039Google Scholar
  8. Camacho, J. A., Brazil. R. Inst, of Int. Affairs. 2nd ed. 1954.Google Scholar
  9. Carvalho, C. M. D., Geographia do Brasil. 3rd ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1027Google Scholar
  10. Castro, J. de, Géographie de la faim. Paris, 1949Google Scholar
  11. Freyre, G., Brazil; An Interpretation. New York, 1945.—The Masters and the Slaves. London, 1946Google Scholar
  12. Galvani, L., Brasile moderno. Milan, 1948Google Scholar
  13. Hill, L. F. (ed.), Brazil. Univ. of California Press and London, 1948Google Scholar
  14. Hunnicutt, B. H., Brazil: World Frontier. New York, 1949Google Scholar
  15. James, Preston E., Brasil. New York, 1946Google Scholar
  16. Le Lannou, M., Le Brésil. Paris, 1955Google Scholar
  17. Meijide Pardo, A., Brasil. Santiago de Compostela, 1955Google Scholar
  18. Moraes, R. Borba de, Bibliographia Brasiliana (1504–1900). 2 vols. 1958Google Scholar
  19. Smith, T. Lynn, Brazil: People and Institutions. Rev. ed. Baton Rouge, 1964.—(Ed.) Brazil: Portrait of Half a Continent. Gainesville, Fla., 1951Google Scholar
  20. National Library. Biblioteca Nacional Avenida Rio Branco 219–39 Bio de Janeiro, D.F. Director: Dr Eugênio Gomes.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

Personalised recommendations