Estados Unidos do Brasil
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil was discovered on 3 May 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabrai, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom,’ and on 13 May 1822 Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 Sept. 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 Oct. 1822. On 15 Nov. 1889 his only son, Dom Pedro II (born 1825, died 1891), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.


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Books of Reference

  1. Pierson, D., Negroes in Brazil. Chicago, 1942.—Survey of Literature on Brazil of Sociological Significance. Cambridge, Mass., 1945Google Scholar
  2. Ramos, A., The Negro in Brazil. Washington, 1939.—Las Poblaciones del Brasil. Mexico City, 1945Google Scholar
  3. Braga, E., and Grubb, K. G., The Republic of Brazil: a Survey of the Religious Situation. London, 1932Google Scholar
  4. Jobim, J., O Brasilna Economia Mundial. Rio de Janeiro, 1939,—The Mineral Wealth of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, 1941,—Brazil in the Making. New York, 1943Google Scholar
  5. Leão. J., Mines and Minerals in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, 1939Google Scholar
  6. Normano,,J. P., Brazil: a study of economic types. Chapel Hill (N. Carolina), 1935Google Scholar
  7. Spiegei, H. W., The Brazilian Economy. Philadelphia, 1949Google Scholar
  8. Wythe, and others, Brazil: an expanding economy. New York, 1949Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Anuario Estatistico do BrasilGoogle Scholar
  2. Brazil, 1943; Resources and Possibilities. (In Portuguese and English.) Published by Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Rio de Janeiro. 1945Google Scholar
  3. Brazil Up to Bate. Conselho Nacional de Estatistica, Rio de Janeiro, 1955Google Scholar
  4. Year Book of Brazil. Edited by Ernest Hambloch. (In English and Portuguese.) Published by British Chamber of Commerce of São PauloGoogle Scholar
  5. Bulletin of the British Chamber of Commerce in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  6. Who’s Who in Latin America. Part VI: Brazil. Stanford, 1948Google Scholar
  7. Calogeras, João Pandiá, A History of Brazil. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1939Google Scholar
  8. Camacho, J. A., Brazil. R. Inst, of Int. Affairs, 1952Google Scholar
  9. Carvalho, C. M. D., Geographia do Brasil. 3rd ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1927Google Scholar
  10. Castro, J. de. Géographie de la faim. Paris, 1949Google Scholar
  11. Freyre, G., Brazil: An Interpretation. New York, 1945.—The Masters and the Slaves. London, 1946Google Scholar
  12. Galvani, L., Brasile moderno. Milan, 1948Google Scholar
  13. Hill, L. F. (ed.), Brazil. Univ. of California Press and London, 1948Google Scholar
  14. Hunnicutt, R. H. Brazil: World Frontier. New York, 1949Google Scholar
  15. James, Preston E., Brazil. New York, 1946Google Scholar
  16. Le Lannou, M., Le Brésil. Paris, 1955Google Scholar
  17. Meijide Pardo, A., Brasil. Santiago de Compostela, 1935Google Scholar
  18. Smith, T. Lynn, Brazil: People and Institutions. Rev. ed. Baton Rouge, 1954.—(Ed.), Brazil: Portrait of Half a Continent. Gainesville, Fla., 1951Google Scholar
  19. National Library. Biblioteca Nacional, Avenid a Rio Branco, 219–39, Rio de Janeiro, D.F. Director: Dr Eugénio Gomes.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1957

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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