Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Soyuz Sovyetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On 12 March, 1917, a revolution broke out in Russia, as a result of which the Emperor Nicholas II abdicated. A Provisional Government under Prince George Lvov was set up by the Duma. On 6 Aug., 1917, a new Cabinet under Alexander Kerensky was formed. This maintained itself until 7 Nov., 1917, when the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet seized the government authority, and handed it over the next day to the All-Russian Congress of Soviets.


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Books of Reference

  1. Deutscher (I.), Stalin. Oxford, 1949.Google Scholar
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Boohs of Reference

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Books of Reference

  1. The Truth about Religion in Russia. Compiled by the Moscow Patriarchate. London, 1944.Google Scholar
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Books of Reference

  1. Semashko (W. A.), Health Protection in the U.S.S.R. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  2. Sosnovy (T.), The Housing Problem in the Soviet Union. New York, 1954.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. King (B.), Russia Goes to School: A Guide to Soviet Education. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  2. Macleod (J.), Soviet Theatre Sketch Book. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  3. Matthews (W. K.), Languages of the U.S.S.R. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  4. Myuller (V. K.), and Boyanus (S. K.) English-Russian [and Russian–English] Dictionary. 2 vols. Moscow, 1931–35.Google Scholar
  5. Shore (M. J.), Soviet Education, its psychology and philosophy. New York, 1947.Google Scholar
  6. Stalin (J. V.), Concerning Marxism in Linguistics. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  7. Zhdanov (A. A.), On Literature, Music and Philosophy. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  8. Zhirnov (V.), Development of Soviet Socialist Culture (in Russian; Moscow, 1952).Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Babb (H. W.) and Hazard (J. N.), Soviet Legal Philosophy. Harvard University, 1951.Google Scholar
  2. Berman (H. J.), Justice in Russia. Cambridge, Mass., 1950.Google Scholar
  3. David (R.) and Hazard (J. N.), Le Droite Soviétique. 2 vols. Paris, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. Gsovski (V.), Soviet Civil Law. 2 vols. Ann Arbor, 1948–49.Google Scholar
  5. Schlesinger (R.), Soviet Legal Theory. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  6. Vyshinsky (A. Y.) (editor), The Law of the Soviet State. London, 1949.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Cain (C. W.) and Voaden (D. J.), Military Aircraft of the U.S.S.R. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  2. Goudima (R.), L’Armée Rouge dans la paix et la guerre. Paris, 1947.Google Scholar
  3. Lee (A.), The Soviet Air Force. London, 1950.Google Scholar
  4. Mitchell (M.), The Maritime History of Russia, 848–1948. London 1949.Google Scholar

Book of Reference

  1. Jasny (N.), The Socialized Agriculture of the U.S.S.R.: Plans and Performance. Stanford University, 1949.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Bulletin on Soviet Economic Development. Edited by A. Baykov. Quarterly. Birmingham, from May, 1949.Google Scholar
  2. Arakelian (A.), Industrial Management in the U.S.S.R. Washington, 1949.Google Scholar
  3. Bienstock (G.), Schwarz (S. M.) and Yugow (A.), Management in Russian Industry and Agriculture. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  4. Dallin (D. J.) and Nicolaevsky (B. J.), Forced Labour in Soviet Russia. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  5. Deutscher (I.), Soviet Trade Unions. London, 1950.Google Scholar
  6. Dobb (M.), Soviet Economic Development since 1917. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  7. Hassmann (H.), Erdöl in der Sowjetunion. Hamburg, 1951.Google Scholar
  8. Bodgman (D. R.), Soviet Industrial Production, 1928–51. Harvard Univ. Press, 1954.Google Scholar
  9. Hubbard (L. E.), The Economics of Soviet Agriculture. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Lipper (E.), Eleven Years in Soviet Prison Camps. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  11. Pacherstnik (A.), La Législation du travail en U.R.S.S. Paris, 1947.Google Scholar
  12. Petrov (V.), It Happens in Russia [Labour camps]. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  13. Prokopovicz (S. N.), Russlands Volkwirtschaft unter den Sowjets. Zurich, 1944.Google Scholar
  14. Rothstein (A.), Workers in the U.S.S.R. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  15. Schwartz (H.), Russia’s Postwar Economy. 2nd ed. New York, 1954.Google Scholar
  16. Turin (S. P.), The U.S.S.R.: An Economic and Social Survey. 3rd ed. London, 1948.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Bettelheim (Ch.), L’Économie soviétique. Paris, 1950.Google Scholar
  2. Jasny (N.), The Soviet Economy during the Plan Era. Stanford Univ. Press, 1952.Google Scholar
  3. Margoline (N. S.), Riabouchkine (T.) and Doundoukor (G. F.), La Planification financière en U.R.S.S. (= Statistiques et Études financières, 17/18, 1953.)Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Soviet Ports: Black and Azov Seas: Handbook of General Information. Issued by Sovfracht, All-Union Chartering Corporation. Moscow, 1935.Google Scholar
  2. Tverskoi (K. N.), The United Transport System of the U.S.S.R. London, 1935.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Arnold (A. Z.), Banks, Credit and Money in Soviet Russia, London, 1937.Google Scholar
  2. Hubbard (L. E.), Soviet Money and Finance. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  3. Sollogoub (A,), La nationalisation des banques en Russie et ses effets a l’étranger. Paris, 1939.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning the U.S.S.R. 1. Official Publications

  1. Pravda (Truth). Daily organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party.Google Scholar
  2. Izvestia (News). Daily organ of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  3. Viedomasti Verkhovnovo Sovieta. (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R., in the anguages of the 16 republics.)Google Scholar
  4. Sovietskaia Torgovlia. Thrice-weekly publication of the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  5. Sovielski Flot. Organ of the Ministry of Defence.Google Scholar
  6. Planovoye Khoziaistvo. Bi-monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  7. Voprosy Torgovli. A monthly journal published by the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  8. Vneshnaya Torgovlya. Published by the Ministry for Foreign Trade. Monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  9. Trud. The organ of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (daily).Google Scholar
  10. Professionalnye Soyuzy. A trade union monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  11. Bolshevik. A fortnightly organ of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.Google Scholar
  12. Finansy i Khoziaistvo. A weekly publication of the Ministry for Finance of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  13. Sotsialistitcheskoye Zemledelye. A daily publication of the Ministry of Agriculture.Google Scholar
  14. The Penal Code of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  15. The Soviet Constitution. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  16. Gorky (M.), Molotov (V.)Voroshilov, Kirov (S.), Zhdanov (A.) and Stalin (J.) (editors), The History of the Civil War in the U.S.S.R. 2 vols; vol. I also in English.Google Scholar
  17. Soviet Foreign. Policy during the Patriotic War; Documents and Materials. 2 vols. (translated by A. Rothstein). London, 1946–47.Google Scholar
  18. History of the U.S.S.R. Published by the Soviet Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1940. (In Russian.) German edition, ‘Geschichte der Völker der Sowjetunion.’ Basle,1945.Google Scholar
  19. Bolshaya Sovietskaya Entsiklopedia. 65 vols., Moscow 1926–1947.Google Scholar
  20. Soviet Union, A monthly pictorial. Moscow. (In English.)Google Scholar
  21. News. A fortnightly. Moscow. (In English.)Google Scholar
  22. Soviet Import-Export Dictionary (in Russian, with English etc. terms). Moscow, 1952.Google Scholar

2. Other Publications

  1. Soviet Studies; a Quarterly Review. Ed. J. Miller and R. J. A. Schlesinger. Oxford, 1949 ff.Google Scholar
  2. The Current Digest of the Soviet Press. Publ. by Joint Committee on Slavic Studies Weekly. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. The American Review on the Soviet Union: a Yearbook. New York, 1950.Google Scholar
  4. History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). Short course. Edited by a Commission of the C.C. of the C.P.S.U.(B.). First published in Russian in the U.S.S.R. In 1938. Authorized English translation published in the U.S.S.R. in 1939. Reprinted in Britain in 1943. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  5. Armstrong (T.), The Northern Sea Route. Cambridge University Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  6. Barou (N.), Co-operatives in the Soviet Union. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  7. Bates (S. S.), Soviet Asia. Programmes and Problems. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  8. Baykov (A.), The Development of the Soviet Economic System. Princeton, 1946.—Soviet Foreign Trade. Princeton, 1946.Google Scholar
  9. Beazley (R.), Forbes (N.) and Birkett (G, A.), A History of Russia to Modern Times. London, 1918.Google Scholar
  10. Beloff (M.), The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia. 2 vols. 1947–49.—Soviet Policy in the Far East. Oxford, 1953.—Soviet Policy in Asia, 1944–52. Oxford, 1953.Google Scholar
  11. Borland (H.), Soviet Literary Theory and Practice. Columbia, 1950.Google Scholar
  12. Bunyan (J.) and Fisher (H. H.), The Bolshevik Revolution. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  13. Carr (E. H.), The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917–23. 3 vols. London, 1950–53.Google Scholar
  14. Chadwick (N. K.), The Beginnings of Russian History. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  15. Chamberlin (W. H.), Russia’s Iron Age. London, 1935.—The Russian Revolution: 1917–1921. 2 vols. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  16. Coates (W. P.) and Coates (Zelda K.), From Tsardom to the Stalin Constitution. New ed. London, 1942.—A History of Anglo-Soviet Relations. London, 1944.—Six Centuries of Russo-Polish Relations. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  17. Crankshaw (E.), Russia and Britain. London, 1944.—Russia and the Russians. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  18. Cressey (George B.), The Basis of Soviet Strength. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  19. Dallin (D.), The Real Soviet Russia. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  20. Deane (Maj.-Gen.), This Strange Alliance. 1947.Google Scholar
  21. Degras (J.) (compiler), Calendar of Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy. 2 vols. London, 1948–52.Google Scholar
  22. Deutseher (I.), The Prophet Armed: Trotsky, 1879–1921. Oxford Univ. Press, 1954.Google Scholar
  23. Dorosh (H.), Russia’s Struggle for Democracy. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  24. Duranty (Walter), The Story of Soviet Russia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  25. Fichelie (A.), Géographie physique et économique de l’U.R.S.S. Paris, 1946.Google Scholar
  26. Fituni (L.), The Soviet Union and International Co-operation. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  27. Gordey (M.), Visa to Moscow. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  28. Gray (G. D. B.), Soviet Lands: the country, its people and their work. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  29. Gregory (James S.) and Shave (D. W.), The U.S.S.R.: A Geographical Survey. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  30. Grierson (P.), Books on Soviet Russia, 1917–1942. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  31. Harcave (S.), Russia: A History. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  32. Inkeles (A.), Public Opinion in the U.S.S.R. Harvard University Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  33. Jasny (N.), The Soviet Price System. Stanford University Press, 1952.Google Scholar
  34. Jorré (G.), The Soviet Union. London, 1950.Google Scholar
  35. Karpinsky (V.), The Social and State Structure of the U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1950.Google Scholar
  36. Kelly (Sir David), The Ruling Few. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  37. Kelly (Lady M. N.), Mirror to Russia. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  38. Kerner (R. J.), The Urge to the Sea: the course of Russian history, the rôle of rivers, portages, ostrogs, monasteries and furs. Berkeley (California). 1942.Google Scholar
  39. Kravchenko (V.), I Chose Freedom. The personal and political life of a Soviet official. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  40. Kyawmin (V.), Through the Iron Curtain via the Back Door. London, 1953.Google Scholar
  41. Leimbach (W.), Die Sowjet Union. Stuttgart, 1950.Google Scholar
  42. Lonsdale (K.) (editor), Quakers Visit Russia. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  43. Manton (S. M.), The Soviet Union To-day: A Scientist’s Impression. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  44. Marriott (Sir J.), Anglo-Russian Relations (1689–1943). London, 1944.Google Scholar
  45. Maynard (J.), Russia in Flux. London, 1941.—The Russian Peasant: and Other Studies. London, 1942.—Russia in Flux (abridged ed. of the 2 foregoing books). New York, 1948.Google Scholar
  46. Mikhaylov (N.), Soviet Geography. 2nd ed. London, 1937.—Land of the Soviets: a handbook of the U.S.S.R. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  47. Miliukov (Paul), Outlines of Russian Culture. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1942.Google Scholar
  48. Molotov (V.), Soviet Peace Policy. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  49. Moore (Harriet L.), Soviet Far Eastern Policy, 1931–45. Princeton and Oxford, 1946.Google Scholar
  50. Nicolsky (Boris), Le Peuple Russe. Sa carrière historique, 1862–1945. Neuchâtel, 1946.Google Scholar
  51. Pares (Sir B.), A History of Russia. London, 1926.—My Russian Memoirs. London, 1931.—Russia and the Peace. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  52. Pavlovsky (M. N.), Chinese-Russian Relations. 1949.Google Scholar
  53. Preobrazhensky (A. G.), Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language. Columbia Univ. Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  54. Russell (B.), The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism. 2nd ed. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  55. Rothstein (A.), A History of the U.S.S.R. 2nd ed. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  56. Schlesinger (R.), The Spirit of Post-war Russia. Soviet Ideology, 1917–46. London, 1947. —Changing Attitude in Soviet Russia: The Family. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  57. Segal (L.), The Conquest of the Arctic. London, 1939.—Russia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  58. Simmons (E. J.) (editor), U.S.S.R. A Concise Handbook. New York, 1947.Google Scholar
  59. Stalin (J. V.), The Soviet Union and World Peace. New York, 1946.—Economic Problems of Socialism in the U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1952. (In English.)—Collected Works. Vol. I. London, 1952.Google Scholar
  60. Sumner (B. H.), A Survey of Russian History. 2nd ed. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  61. Taracouzio (T. A.), Soviets in the Arctic. London, 1939.—War and Peace in Soviet Diplomacy. New York, 1940.Google Scholar
  62. Tiunov (V.) and Nazarovsky (B.), Zapadny Ural. Moscow, 1945.Google Scholar
  63. Towster (J.), Political Power in the U.S.S.R., 1917–47. Oxford, 1948.Google Scholar
  64. Vavilov (S. I.), The Progress of Soviet Science. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  65. Vernadsky (G.), A History of Russia. 4th ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1954.Google Scholar
  66. Vyshinsky (A. Y.), The Teachings of Lenin and Stalin on Proletarian Revolution. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  67. Wallace (H.), Soviet Asia Mission. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  68. Zirkle (C.), Death of a Science in Russia. Philadelphia, 1949.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Siberia

  1. L’Asie soviétique. Inst. Nat. de la Statistique. Paris, 1949.Google Scholar
  2. Dallin (D. J.), The Bise of Russia in Asia. New York, 1949.—Soviet Russia and the Far East. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  3. Donner (K.) La Sibérie. Paris, 1946.Google Scholar
  4. Kolarz (W.), The Peoples of the Soviet Far East. London, 1954.Google Scholar
  5. Leprince-Ringuet (F.), L’Avenir de l’Asie russe. Paris, 1951.Google Scholar
  6. Mikhailov (N. I.), Sibir. Moscow, 1955.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Ukraine

  1. Allen (W. E. D.), The Ukraine: A History. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  2. Brégy (Pierre) and Obolensky (Prince S.), The Ukraine: A Russian Land. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Chamberlin (W. H.), The Ukraine. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  4. Doroshenko (D.), History of the Ukraine. 2nd ed. Edmonton (Alberta), 1941.Google Scholar
  5. Hrushevsky (M.), A History of the Ukraine. New Haven, 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Manning (C. A.), Twentieth-century Ukraine. New York, 1951.Google Scholar
  7. Mirchuk (I.) (editor), Ukraine and its People. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  8. Vowles (H. P.), Ukraine and its People. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Istoria Ukrainskoi S.S.R. Publ. by Ukr. Academy of Sciences. Kiev, 1953 ff.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning White Russia

  1. Kovalevski (G. T.) and Rakov (Y. G.) (editors), Byelorusskaya S.S.R., an outline of her economic geography, Minsk, 1953.Google Scholar
  2. Vakar (N. P.), Byelorussia: the rise of a nation. Cambridge, Mass., 1950.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Azerbaijan

  1. Baddeley (J. F.), The Rugged Flanks of Caucasus. 2 vols. Oxford, 1941.Google Scholar
  2. Tutaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  3. Ziatkhan (Adil Khan), Aperçu sur l’histoire, la littérature et la politique de l’Azerbaijan. Baku, 1919.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Georgia

  1. Allen (W. E. D.), A History of the Georgian People. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  2. Avalishvili (Zourab), The Independence of Georgia in International Politics, 1918–21. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Gvesiani (G. G.) and Klopotovsky (B. A.), Gruzinskaya S.S.R. Moscow, 1955.Google Scholar
  4. Luke (Sir Harry), More Moves on an Eastern Chequerboard. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  5. Tutaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  6. Wartanoff (Boris), Der Kaukasus, Land des Reichtums und der Sagen. Berne, 1943.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Armenia

  1. Kouyoumdjian (M. G.), A Comprehensive Dictionary Armenian-English. Cairo, 1951.Google Scholar
  2. Missakian (J.), A Searchlight on the Armenian Question. 1878–1950. Boston, Mass. 1950.Google Scholar
  3. Nansen (Fridtjof), Armenia and the Near East. London, 1928.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Estonia

  1. Estonia. Basic facts on geography, history and economy. Stockholm, 1948.Google Scholar
  2. Jackson (J. H.), Estonia. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  3. Kareda (E.), Estonia in the Soviet Grip. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  4. Kruus (Prof. H.), Grundriss der Geschichte des Estnischen Volkes. Tartu, 1932. French edition, Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  5. Pullerits (A.), Estonia, Population, Cultural and Economic Life. Tallinn, 1937.Google Scholar
  6. Sharkov (V, A.), Sovietskaia Estonia, an economic geography. Moscow, 1953. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  7. Silvet (J.) Inglise-eesti sonaraamat. Vadstena, 1949.Google Scholar
  8. Woods (E. G.), The Baltic Region: A Study in Physical and Human Geography. London, 1945.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Latvia

  1. Balodis (F.) and Arendt (P.), Lettland, Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst und Museen. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  2. Bilmanis (A.), A History of Latvia. Princeton University Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  3. Brants (K.) and Matthews (W. K.), A Latvian—English Dictionary. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  4. Skujenicks (M.), Atlas Statistique de la Lettonie. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  5. Spekke (A.), History of Latvia. Stockholm, 1951.Google Scholar
  6. Urch (R. O. G.), Latvia: Country and People. London, 1938.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Lithuania

  1. Chase (T. G.), The Story of Lithuania. New York, 1946.Google Scholar
  2. Jurgéla (C. R.), History of the Lithuanian Nation. New York. 1948.Google Scholar
  3. Pewtress (H. H.) and Gerikas (T.), Marlborough’s English—Lithuanian and Lithuauian—English Dictionary. London, 1939.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Central Asia

  1. Caroe (O.), Soviet Empire, The Turks of Central Asia and Stalinism. London, 1953.Google Scholar
  2. Carruthers (D.), Beyond the Caspian. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  3. Coates (W. P. and Z. K.), Soviets in Central Asia. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  4. Davies (R. A.) and Steiger (A. J.), Soviet Asia. London, 1943.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Kazakhstan

  1. Abdykalykov (M.), and Pankratova (A.)(editors), Istoriya Kazakhskoi S.S.R. Alms-ata, 1944.Google Scholar
  2. Grauman (J.) and others, The Kazakhs under Changing Russian Regimes. Washington, 1951.Google Scholar
  3. Palgov (N. N.), Kazakhstan. Moscow, 1953.Google Scholar

Books of Referenec concerning Turkmenistan

  1. Material for the History of the Turkmens and Turkmenia. Publ. by the Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1938—40. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  2. Freikin (Z. G.), Turkmenskaya S.S.R. Moscow, 1954.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Tadzhikistan

  1. Bardie (V. M.), Tadzhikistan. Tashkent, 1940.Google Scholar
  2. Chumichev (D. A.), Tadzhikskaya S.S.R. Moscow, 1954.Google Scholar

Book of Reference concerning Kirghizia

  1. Ryazantsev (S. N.), Kirghizia. Moscow, 1951.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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