On 5 Deo., 1492, Columbus discovered the island of Santo Domingo, which he called La Española; for a time it was called Hispaniola. The city of Santo Domingo, founded by his brother, Bartholomew, in 1496, is the oldest city in the Americas and was for long the centre of Spanish power in America. The western third of the island—now known as the Republic of Haiti—was later occupied and colonized by the French, to whom the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo was also ceded in 1795. In 1808 the Dominican population, aided by British troops, expelled the French, and the colony returned to the rule of Spain, from which it declared its independence in 1821. It was invaded and held by the Haitians from 1822 to 1884, when they were expelled, and the Dominican Republic was founded and a constitution adopted. Great Britain, in 1850, was the first country to recognize the Dominican Republic. The country was occupied by American Marines from 1916 until the adoption of a new constitution in 1924. In 1936 the name of the capital city was changed from Santo Domingo to Cuidad Trujillo.
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Books of Reference
- Anuario estadistico de la Republica Dominicana, 1944–45. Ciudad Trujillo. 1949Google Scholar
- Review of Commercial Conditions: Dominican Republic. H.M.S.O., 1950.Google Scholar
- Refugee Settlement in the Dominican Republic. Brookings Institution, Washington. D.C., 1942.Google Scholar
- Bishop (C. M.) and Marchant (A.), Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1944.Google Scholar
- Rodriguez (A.), La Cuestión Dominico-Haitiana: Estudio Geografico-Hietorico. 2nd ed. San Domingo, 1919.Google Scholar
- Welles (Sumner), Naboth’s Vineyard. (History of events culminating in re-establishment of Constitutional Government, by former U.S. Commissioner to the Republic.) 2 vols. New York, 1928.Google Scholar