• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Constitution and Government.—The Republic of Liberia had its origin in the efforts of several American philanthropic societies to make permanent provision for freed American slaves by establishing them in a colony on the West African coast. In 1822 a settlement was formed on the west coast of Africa near the spot where Monrovia now stands. On 26 July, 1847, the state was constituted as the Tree and Independent Republic of Liberia. The new state was first recognized by Great Britain and France, and ultimately by other powers. The constitution of the Republic is on the model of that of the United States, with important differences. The executive is vested in a President and Cabinet, and the legislative power in a legislature of 2 Houses, called the Senate and the House of Representatives. The President is elected for 8, the House of Representatives for 4 and the Senate for 6 years. Under legislation enacted in 1949, the President may be re-elected for a period of 4 years The President must be a citizen of the Republic by birth or a naturalized citizen of over 25 years’ residence and have unencumbered real estate to the value of 82,500. Electors must be of negro blood and owners of land. The natives of the country are not excluded from the franchise, but, except in the centres of civilization, take little part in political life. By the end of 1945, legislation was passed granting manhood suffrage to the natives in the 3 hinterland provinces, which will be represented in the legislature by one member each. In 1947. the franchise was extended to women.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. League of Nations. International Commission of Enquiry in Liberia. Communication by the Government of Liberia dated December 15th, 1930, transmitting the Commission’s Report. Geneva, 1930.Google Scholar
  2. Papers Concerning Affairs En Liberia, December, 1930-May, 1951 (includes Report of the Council of the League of Nations, appointed to study the problems arising out of the request for assistance submitted by the Liberian Government, January, 1932). Cmd.4614. H.M.S.O., 1934.Google Scholar
  3. Allen (V. N.), 1 Found Africa. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  4. Azikiwe (N.), Liberia in World Politics. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  5. Broun (G. W.), The Economic History of Liberia. Washington, 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Donner (Etta), Hinterland Liberia. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  7. Furbay (E. D.), Top Hats and Tom-toms. New York, 1943.Google Scholar
  8. Germann (Paul), Die Völkerstämme im Norden von Liberia. Leipzig, 1933.Google Scholar
  9. Greene (Graham), Journey without Maps. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  10. Green wall (H. J.) and Wild (R.), Unknown Liberia. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  11. Huberich (C.K.), The political and legislative history of Liberia. 2 vols. New York, 1947.Google Scholar
  12. Johnston (Sir Harry), Liberia, London, 1906.Google Scholar
  13. Reeve (H. F.), The Black Republic: Liberia, London, 1923Google Scholar
  14. Schwab (G.), Tribes of the Liberian Hinterland. Harvard, 1947.Google Scholar
  15. Strong (R. P.), The African Republic of Liberia and the Belgian Congo. Cambridge, 1930.Google Scholar
  16. Wilson (O. M.), Liberia. New York, 1947.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1952

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations