Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics

Soyuz Sovyetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On 12 March, 1917, a revolution broke out in Russia, as a result of which the Emperor Nicholas II abdicated. A Provisional Government under Prince George Lvov was set up by the Duma, which held office until 16 May, 1917, when it was reorganized. On 6 August, 1917, a new Cabinet under Alexander Kerensky was formed. This, too, was reorganized on 8 October, and maintained itself until 7 November, 1917, when the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet seized the government authority, and handed it over the next day to the All-Russian Congress of Soviets.


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Books of Reference concerning the U.S.S.R.

1. Official Publications

  1. Izvestia (News). Daily organ of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  2. Sovietskaia Torgovlia. A weekly publication of the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  3. Planovoye Khoziaistvo. Bi-monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  4. Voprosy Torgovli. A monthly journal published by the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.RGoogle Scholar
  5. Vneshnaya Torgovlya. Published by the Ministry for Foreign Trade. Monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  6. Trud. The organ of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (daily).Google Scholar
  7. Finansy i Khoziaistvo. A weekly publication of the Ministry for Finance of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  8. Sozialistitcheskoe Zemledelie. A daily publication of the Ministry of Agriculture.Google Scholar
  9. The Penal Code of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  10. The Soviet Constitution. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  11. Electoral Law. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  12. Gorky (M.), Molotov (V.), Voroshilov, Kirov (S.), Zhdanov (A.) and Stalin (J.) (editors), The History of the Civil War in the U.S.S.R. 2 vols; vol. I also in English.Google Scholar
  13. Soviet Foreign Policy during the Patriotic War; Documents and Materials. 2 vols. (translated by A. Rothstein). London, 1946–47.Google Scholar
  14. History of the U.S.S.R. Published by the Soviet Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1940. (In Russian.) German edition, ‘Geschichte der Völker der Sowjetunion.’ Basle, 1945.Google Scholar
  15. The Essentials of Lenin. 2 vols.Google Scholar
  16. Bolshaya Sovietskaya Entsiklopedia. 65 vols., Moscow 1926–1947.Google Scholar

2. Other Publications

  1. Soviet Studies; a Quarterly Review. Ed. J. Miller and R. J. A. Schlesinger. Oxford, 1949 ff.Google Scholar
  2. The Current Digest of the Soviet Press. Publ. by Joint Committee on Slavic Studies Weekly. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. The American Review on the Soviet Union: a Yearbook. New York, 1950.Google Scholar
  4. History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). Short course. Edited by a Commission of the C.C. of the C.P.S.U.(B.). First published in Russian in the U.S.S.R. in 1938. Authorized English translation published in the U.S.S.R. in 1939. Reprinted in Britain in 1943. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  5. Barou (N.), Co-operatives in the Soviet Union. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  6. Bates (S. S.), Soviet Asia. Programmes and Problems. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  7. Baykov (A.), The Development of the Soviet Economic System. Princeton, 1946.—Soviet Foreign Trade. Princeton, 1940.Google Scholar
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  9. Beloff (M.), The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia. 2 vols. 1947–49.Google Scholar
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  13. Chadwick (N. K.), The Beginnings of Russian History. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  14. Chamberlin (W. H.), Russia’s Iron Age. London, 1935.—The Russian Revolution: 1917–1921. 2 vols. London, 1935.Google Scholar
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  16. Conolly (Violet), Soviet Trade from the Pacific to the Levant. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. Crankshaw (E.) Russia and Britain. London, 1944.—Russia and the Russians. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  18. Cressey (George B.), The Basis of Soviet Strength. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  19. Dallin (D.), The Real Soviet Russia. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  20. Dallin (D. J.) and Nicolaevsky (B. J.), Forced Labour in Soviet Russia. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  21. Deane (Maj.-Gen.), This Strange Alliance. 1947.Google Scholar
  22. Degras (J.), (compiler), Calendar of Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy, 1917–41. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  23. Deutscher (I.), Stalin. Oxford 1949.Google Scholar
  24. Dorosh (H.), Russia’s Struggle for Democracy. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  25. Duranty (Walter), The Story of Soviet Russia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
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  28. George (P.), U.R.S.S. Paris, 1947.Google Scholar
  29. Gray (G. D. B.), Soviet Lands: the country, its people and their work. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  30. Gregory (James S.) and Shave (D. W.), The U.S.S.R.: A Geographical Survey. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  31. Grierson (P.), Books on Soviet Russia, 1917–1942. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  32. Gsovski (V.), Soviet Civil Law. 2 vols. Ann Arbor, 1948–49.Google Scholar
  33. Harper (S. N.) and Thompson (R.), The Government of the Soviet Union. New ed. New York, 1949.Google Scholar
  34. Hindus (M.), Mother Russia. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  35. Howard (Alexander) and Newman (Ernest), Pictorial History of Russia from Rurik to Stalin. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  36. Huxley (J.), Soviet Genetics and World Science. London, 1949.Google Scholar
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  38. Johnson (W. H. E.), Russia’s Educational Heritage. Carnegie Press.Google Scholar
  39. Jorré (G.), The Soviet Union. London. 1950.Google Scholar
  40. Karpinsky (V.), The Social and State Structure of the U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1950.Google Scholar
  41. Keeton (G. W.) and Schlesinger (R.), Russia and Her Western Neighbours. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  42. Kerner (R. J.), The Urge to the Sea: the course of Russian history, the rôle of rivers, portages, ostrogs, monasteries and furs. Berkeley (California), 1942.Google Scholar
  43. Kluchevsky (V. O.), A History of Russia (Translated from the Russian). 5 vols. London, 1911–31.Google Scholar
  44. Konovalov (Serge) (editor), Russo-Polish Relations. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  45. Kravchenko (V.), I Chose Freedom. The personal and political life of a Soviet official. London. 1947.Google Scholar
  46. Leimbach (W.), Die Sowjet Union. Stuttgart, 1950.Google Scholar
  47. Marriott (Sir J.), Anglo-Russian Relations (1689–1943). London, 1944.Google Scholar
  48. Masaryk (Thomas G.), The Spirit of Russia. 2 vols. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  49. Maynard (J.), Russia in Flux. London, 1941.—The Russian Peasant: and Other Studies. London, 1942.—Russia in Flux (abridged ed. of the 2 foregoing books). New York, 1948.Google Scholar
  50. Mazour (A. G.), An Outline of Modern Russian Historiography. Berkeley (California), 1939.Google Scholar
  51. Mikhaylov (N.), Soviet Geography. 2nd ed, London, 1937.—Land of the Soviets: a Handbook of the U.S.S.R. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  52. Miliukov (Paul), Outlines of Russian Culture. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1942.Google Scholar
  53. Mirsky (D. S.), Russia: A Social History. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  54. Molotov (V.). Soviet Peace Policy. London. 1939.Google Scholar
  55. Moore (Harriet L.), Soviet Far Eastern Policy, 1931–45. Princeton and Oxford, 1946.Google Scholar
  56. Nicolsky (Boris), Le Peuple Russe. Sa carrière historique, 1862–1945. Neuchâtel. 1946.Google Scholar
  57. Owen (B. A.), The Russian Peasant Movement, 1906–17. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  58. Pares (Sir B.), A History of Russia. London, 1926.—My Russian Memoirs. London, 1931.—Russia and the Peace. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  59. Pavlovsky (M. N.), Chinese—Russian Relations. 1949.Google Scholar
  60. Popov (N.), Outline History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  61. Russell (B.), The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism. 2nd ed. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  62. Rothstein (A.), A History of the U.S.S.R. London, 1950.Google Scholar
  63. Rysakoff (S.). National Policy of the Soviet Union. London, 1933.Google Scholar
  64. Sava (George), Russia Triumphant. The Story of the Russian People. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  65. Schlesinger (R.), The Spirit of Post-war Russia. Soviet Ideology, 1917–46. London, 1947. —Changing Attitude in Soviet Russia: The Family. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  66. Segal (L.), The Conquest of the Arctic. London, 1939.—Russia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  67. Sigales( Alexandre), Le Statut des Entreprises Gouvernementales en U.R.S.S. Paris, 1936.Google Scholar
  68. Simmons (E. J.) (editor), U.S.S.R. A Concise Handbook. New York, 1947.Google Scholar
  69. Sloan (Pat), Soviet Democracy. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  70. Smolka (H. P.), Forty Thousand Against the Arctic. Russia’s Polar Empire. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  71. Soloveytchik (George), Russia in Perspective. (‘Cross-Roads’ Series.) London, 1946.Google Scholar
  72. Stalin (J, V.), The Soviet Union and World Peace. New York, 1946.Google Scholar
  73. Strauss (E.), Soviet Russia. Anatomy of a Social History. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  74. Sumner (B. H.), A Survey of Russian History. 2nd ed. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  75. Taracoutio (T. A.), Soviets in the Arctic. London, 1939.—War and Peace in Soviet Diplomacy. New York, 1940.Google Scholar
  76. Terrell (R.), Soviet Understanding. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  77. Tiunov (V.) and Nazarovsky (B.), Zapadny Ural. Moscow, 1945.Google Scholar
  78. Towster (J.), Political Power in the U.S.S.R., 1917–47. Oxford, 1948.Google Scholar
  79. Vernadsky (G.), A History of Russia. Revised edition. London, 1945.—Political and Diplomatic History of Russia. Boston, 1936.—Ancient Russia. Yale and London, 1944. —Kievan Russia. 1949.Google Scholar
  80. Victoroff-Toporoff (V.), Rossica et sovietica. Bibliographie des ouvrages parus en français de 1917 à 1930 inclus rélatifs à la Russie et à l’U.R.S.S. Saint Cloud, 1931.Google Scholar
  81. Vyshinsky (A. Y.), The Teachings of Lenin and Stalin on Proletarian Revolution. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  82. Wallace (H.), Soviet Asia Mission. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  83. Webb (Sidney and Beatrice), Soviet Communism: A New Civilisation? 2 vols. New ed. London. 1941.Google Scholar
  84. Wu (A. K.), China and the Soviet Union. London, 1950.Google Scholar
  85. Zirkle (C), Death of a Science in Russia. Philadelphia, 1949.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Siberia

  1. Borodin (G.), Soviet and Tsarist Siberia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  2. Channing (C. G.), Siberia’s Untouched Treasure. London, 1924.Google Scholar
  3. Dallin (D. J.), The Rise of Russia in Asia. New York, 1949. —Soviet Russia and the Far East. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  4. Donner (K.), La Sibérie. Paris, 1946.Google Scholar
  5. Jakushchev (I. A.), Die Zukunft Sibiriens. Prague, 1928.Google Scholar
  6. Huppert (H.), Men of Siberia. New York, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Lengyel (E.), Siberia. New York, 1943.Google Scholar
  8. Norton (H. K.), The Far Eastern Republic of Siberia. London, 1923.Google Scholar
  9. Pfizenmayer (E. W.), Siberian Man and Mammoth. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Phillips (G. D. R.), Dawn in Siberia. The Mongols of Lake Baikal. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  11. Semyonov (Y.), The Conquest of Siberia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  12. Steber (Charles), La Sibérie et l’extrême-nord Soviétique. Paris, 1936.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Ukraine

  1. L’Ukraine, Un aperçu sur son territoire, son peuple, ses conditions culturelles, ethnographiques, politiques et économiques, avec une carte. Berne, 1919.Google Scholar
  2. Allen (W. E. D.), The Ukraine: A History. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Brégy (Pierre) and Obolensky (Prince S.), The Ukraine: A Russian Land. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  4. Chamberlin (W. H.), The Ukraine. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  5. Doroshenko (D.), History of the Ukraine. 2nd ed. Edmonton (Alberta), 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Gershonov (M.), The Land Code of the Ukraine. 1926.Google Scholar
  7. Hrushevsky (M.), A History of the Ukraine. New Haven, 1941.Google Scholar
  8. Krupnycki (B.), Geschichte der Ukraine. Leipzig, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Schmidt (A.), Ukraine: Land der Zukunft. Berlin, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Shafarenko (T.), The Natural Resources of the Ukraine. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  11. Slavchenko, The Organization of the National Economy of the Ukraine. (Ukraine State Publishing Agency.) 1926.Google Scholar
  12. Sukhov (A.), The Economic Geography of the Ukraine. (Ukraine State Publishing Agency.) 1926.Google Scholar
  13. Vowles (H. P.), Ukraine and its People. London, 1939.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Azerbaijan

  1. Baddeley (J. F.), The Ragged Flanks of Caucasus. 2 vols. Oxford, 1941.Google Scholar
  2. Dunsterville (Maj.-Gen. L. C.), Adventures of the Dunsterforce. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  3. Henry (J. D.), Baku: An Eventful History. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  4. Tutaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  5. Ziatkhan (Adil Khan), Aperçu sur l’histoire, la littérature et la politique de l’Azerbaijan. Baku, 1919.Google Scholar
  6. Books of Reference concerning Georgia.Google Scholar
  7. Allen (W. E. D.), A History of the Georgian People. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  8. Avalishvili (Zourab), The Independence of Georgia in International Politics, 1918–21. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  9. Barbusse (H.), Voici ce qu on a fait de la Géorgie. Paris, 1929.Google Scholar
  10. Ghamhashidze (D.), The Caucasus: Its People, History, etc. London, 1918.—Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  11. Khakhanoff (M.), Histoire de Géorgie. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  12. Luke (Sir Harry), More Moves on an Eastern Chequerboard. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  13. Tutaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Armenia

  1. Missakian (J.), A Searchlight on the Armenian Question, 1878–1950. Boston, Mass., 1950.Google Scholar
  2. Morgan (Jacques de), Histoire du Peuple Arménien. Paris, 1919.Google Scholar
  3. Nansen (Fridtjof), Armenia and the Near East. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  4. Varandian (M.), Le Conflit Arméno-Géorgien et la Guerre du Caucase. Paris, 1919.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Transcaucasia

  1. Zumbadze, Constitution of the T.S.F.S.R. Tiflis, 1923.Google Scholar
  2. Lyaister and Chursin, A Geography of the Caucasus: The Country and its Peoples. Titlis, 1924.Google Scholar
  3. Trans-Caucasia, A Statistical-Economic Compilation. Tiflis, 1925.Google Scholar
  4. Reference Book (lit. Spravochnik) for the T.S.F.S.R. Tiflis, 1926.Google Scholar
  5. ‘Collection of Materials for the Description of the Tribes and Localities of the Caucasus.’ (Tiflis. 45 vols. published between 1881 and 1915.)Google Scholar
  6. ‘Kavkazski Kalendar’ (published in Tiflis by the Caucasian Statistical Committee from 1873).Google Scholar
  7. Borodin (G.), Soviet and Tsarist Siberia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  8. Budel (A.), Transkaukasien, eine technische Geographie. Gotha, 1926.Google Scholar
  9. Buxton (Rev. Harold), Trans-Caucasia. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  10. Chesnais (P. G. de la), Les Peuples de la Trans-Caucasie. Paris, 1921.Google Scholar
  11. Ghambashidze (Dr. D.), Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  12. Luke (H. C.), Anatolica. London, 1924.Google Scholar
  13. Namen (Fridtzof), Through the Caucasus to the Volga. London, 1931.Google Scholar
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  15. Rikli (M.), Natur-und Kulturbilder aus den Kaukasusländern und Hocharmenien. Zürich, 1914.Google Scholar
  16. Wartanoff (Boris), Der Kaukasus, Land des Reichtums und der Sagen. Berne, 1943.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Estonia

  1. The Baltic States: … Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania. Prepared by the Information Department of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  2. Estonia. Basic facts on geography, history and economy. Stockholm, 1948.Google Scholar
  3. Bouchman (N.), L’Esthonie, ses ports et ses chemins de fer. Tallinn, 1925.Google Scholar
  4. Davies (E. C.), A Wayfarer in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  5. Jackson (J. H.), Estonia. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  6. Kant (E.), Revölkerung und Lebensraum Estlands. Tartu, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Kareda (E.), Estonia in the Soviet Grip. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  8. Kruus (Prof. H.), Grundriss der Geschichte des Estnischen Volkes. Tartu, 1932. French edition, Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  9. Meuvret (J.), Histoire des Pays Baltiques. Paris, 1934.Google Scholar
  10. Munthe (Kurt), Estland och Lettland. Stockholm, 1938.Google Scholar
  11. Newman (E. W. Poison), Britain and the Baltic. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  12. Newman (B.), Baltic Background. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  13. Oras (A.), Baltic Eclipse. London, 1918.Google Scholar
  14. Pullerits (A.), Estonia, Population, Cultural and Economic Life. Tallinn, 1937.Google Scholar
  15. Seth (Ronald), Baltic corner: travel in Estonia. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  16. Vitols (Dr. H.), La Mer Baltique et les Etats Baltes. Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. Woods (E. G.), The Baltic Region: A Study in Physical and Human Geography. London, 1945.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Latvia

  1. Statistical Annual of the Bureau of Statistics of the Latvian Republic. Riga, 1920–38.Google Scholar
  2. Balodis (F.) and Arends (P.), Lettland, Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst und Museen. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  3. Bilmanis (A.), Latvijas Werdegang. 4th ed. Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  4. Brenneisen (R.), Lettland: Das Werden und Wesen einer neuen Volkswirtschaft. Berlin, 1930.Google Scholar
  5. Chambon (H. de), Origines et histoire de la Lettonie. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  6. Miédan (F. R.), Comment on fait un Etat, Lettonie. Paris, 1938.Google Scholar
  7. Morein (J.), La Lettonie nouvelle. Riga, 1934.—Wirtschaft und Kultur der Baltischen Staaten. Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  8. Skujenicks (M.), Atlas Statistique de la Lettonie. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  9. Spekke (A.) and others, Lettonia. Rome, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Svābe (Prof. A.), Agrarian History of Latvia. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  11. Urch (R. O. G.), Latvia: Country and People. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  12. Zalts (A.), Latvian Political Economy. Riga, 1928.—Lettlands Wirtschaft und Wirtschaftspolitik. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  13. Zolmanis (E.), Latvia among the Baltic States. Riga, 1931.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Lithuania

  1. Bossin (A.), La Lithuanie. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  2. Chase (T. G.), The Story of Lithuania. New York, 1946.Google Scholar
  3. Jakulis (J.), La Lithuanie Restaurée. Louvain, 1932.Google Scholar
  4. Jungfer (V.), Litauen, Antlitz eines Volkes. Leipzig, 1938.Google Scholar
  5. Jurgéla (C. R.), History of the Lithuanian Nation. New York. 1948.Google Scholar
  6. Norem (J. C.), Timeless Lithuania. Chicago, 1943.Google Scholar
  7. Turchi (N.), La Lituania nella storia e nel presente. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  8. Vozka (J.), Litva. Prague, 1933.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Central Asia

  1. Abdykalykov (M.), and Pankratova (A.)(editors), Istoriya Kazakhskoi S.S.R. Alma-ata, 1944.Google Scholar
  2. Bardie (V. M.), Tadzhikistan. Tashkent, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Carruthers (D.), Beyond the Caspian. London, 1949.Google Scholar
  4. Coates (W. P. and Z. K.), Soviets in Central Asia. London, 1951.Google Scholar
  5. Davies (R. A.) and Steiger (A. J.), Soviet Asia. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  6. Kunitz (J.), Dawn Over Samarakand. New York. 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Lobanov-Rostovsky (A.), Russia and Asia. New York and London, 1933.Google Scholar
  8. Steber (C.), L’Asie Centrale Soviétique et le Kazakhstan. Paris, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Strong (A. L.), Red Star in Samarkand. London, 1930.—The Road to the Grey Pamir. Boston, 1931.Google Scholar
  10. Material for the History of the Turkmens and Turkmenia. Publ. by the Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1938–40. (In Russian.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1951

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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