Rzeczpospolita Polska
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Poland became a state by the union of a number of Slavonic tribes settled in the basins of the Vistula, the Warta and the Oder. The nation was converted to Christianity in 966. Under the Piast dynasty (10th–14th centuries) German ‘eastward expansion’ (Drang nach Osten) deprived Poland of her north-western and western borderlands. After the defeat of the Teutonic Order at Tannenberg (1410) and the partial recovery of Prussia, Poland’s political interests turned eastward. Temporary successes in White Russia and the Ukraine were bought by a permanent weakness on her western front. Poland reached the height of her power in the period between the 14th and 16th centuries under the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty. On its extinction the crown became elective and this, leading to an overgrowth of special rights granted to the nobility and gentry, resulted in the permanent weakness of the central authority.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference concerning Poland.

  1. Statistical Year-Book of Poland. 12th ed., 1948. Warsaw, 1949.Google Scholar
  2. Atlas Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Atlas Statistique de la Republique de Pologne). Warsaw.Google Scholar
  3. Statistical News of the Central Statistical Office. (Text in Polish and English.) Warsaw, fortnightly.—Special issues:—Public Health in 1947; Vital Statistics in 1946 and 1947; Local Government Statistics, 1946 and 1947; Industrial Statistics, 1947; Agricultural Statistics, 1947; Cultural Statistics, 1945–46–47.Google Scholar
  4. General Summarized Population Census (2 February, 1946). (Text in Polish and English.) Warsaw, 1947.Google Scholar
  5. Census of Industrial Plants, 1945. (Text in Polish and English.) Warsaw, 1947.Google Scholar
  6. Poland. A Classified Bibliography compiled by the Polish Bibliographical Institute, Warsaw. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  7. Baginski (H.), Poland and the Baltic: The Problem of Poland’s Access to the Sea. New ed. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  8. Bloch (J.), Social Legislation in Poland. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  9. Delmas (Y.), L’Évolution Constitutionnelle de la Pologne depuis 1919. Paris, 1936.Google Scholar
  10. Elgoth-Ligocki (E.), Poland. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  11. Frankel (H.), Poland. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  12. Gardner (Monica), Poland. 3rd ed. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  13. Gorka (Olgierd), Outline of Polish History Past and Present. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  14. Gross (F.), The Polish Worker: A Study of a Social Stratum. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  15. Halecki (O.), The History of Poland. London, 1942.—Post-War Poland. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  16. Konovalov (S.) (editor), Russo-Polish Relations: An Historical Survey. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  17. Lednicki (W.), Life and Culture of Poland. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  18. Mikolajczyk (S.), The Rape of Poland. New York, 1948.Google Scholar
  19. Modzelewski (J.) (editor), Pologne, 1919–39. 3 vols. Neuchâtel, 1945–48.Google Scholar
  20. Murray (M.) (editor), Poland’s Progress, 1919–33. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  21. Reddaway (W. F.), Penson (J. H.), Halecki (O.) and Dyboski (R.) (editors), The Cambridge History of Poland. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  22. Rose (W. J.), Poland Old and New. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  23. Schmitt (B. E.) (editor), Poland. Berkeley, Cal., 1945.Google Scholar
  24. Shotwell (J. T.) and Laserson (M. N.), Poland and Russia, 1919–45. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  25. Zweig (F.), Poland Between Two Wars. London, 1944.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1950

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations