On 5 December, 1492, Columbus discovered the island of Santo Domingo, which he called La Española, now called Hispaniola, and the city of Santo Domingo, founded by his brother, Bartholomew, in 1496, was for long the centre of Spanish power in America. The western part of the island—about one-third of the whole, and now known as the Republic of Haiti—was later occupied and colonized by the French, to whom the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo was also ceded in 1795. In 1808 the Dominican population, aided by British troops, expelled the French, and the colony returned to the rule of Spain, from which it declared its independence in 1821. It was invaded and held by the Haitians from 1822 to 1844, when they were expelled, and the Dominican Republic was founded and a constitution adopted. The country was occupied by American marines from 1916 until the adoption of a new constitution in 1924. In 1936 the name of the capital city was changed from Santo Domingo to Ciudad Trujillo.
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Books of Reference concerning the Dominican Republic
- Anuario estadistico de la Republica Dominieana. Ciudad Trujillo. Annual.Google Scholar
- Santo Domingo: Its Past and its Present Condition. [U.S. Navy Department.] Santo Domingo City, 1920.Google Scholar
- Refugee Settlement in the Dominican Republic. Brookings Institution, Washington. D.O., 1942.Google Scholar
- Bishop (C. M.) and Marchant (A.), Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1944.Google Scholar
- Rodriguez (A.). La Cuestion Dominico-E[aitiana: Estudio Geografico-Historico. 2nd ed. San Domingo, 1919.Google Scholar
- Schönrich (Otto), Santo Domingo: The Country with a Future. New York, 1919.Google Scholar
- Welles (Sumner), Naboth’s Vineyard. (History of events culminating in re-establishment of Constitutional Government, by former U.S. Commissioner to the Republic.) 2 vols. New York, 1928.Google Scholar