Advertisement

Vatican City

Stato della Città del Vaticano
  • S. H Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

For many centuries until Pius IX’s reign, with some comparatively short breaks, the Popes bore temporal sway over a territory stretching across mid- Italy from sea to sea and comprising an area of some 16,000 square miles, with a population finally of some 3,125,000 souls. In 1859–60 and 1870 the Papal States were incorporated with the Italian Kingdom. Although, by an Italian law dated 13 May, 1871, there was guaranteed to His Holiness and his successors for ever, besides the use of the Vatican and Lateran palaces and the villa of Castel Gandolfo, a yearly income of 3,225,000 lire, this allowance remained unclaimed and unpaid until 11 February, 1929, when a settlement of the ‘Roman question’ was arrived at by three treaties between the Italian Government and the Vatican. On that day there was signed (1) a Political Treaty, which recognized the full and independent sovereignty of the Holy See in the city of the Vatican; (2) a Concordat, to regulate the condition of religion and of the Church in Italy ; and (3) a Financial Convention, in accordance with which the Holy See shall receive 750,000,000 lire in cash and 1,000,000,000 lire in Italian 5% state bonds. This sum is to be a definitive settlement of all the financial claims of the Holy See against Italy in consequence of the loss of its temporal power in 1870. The treaty and concordat were ratified and the sum of 750,000,000 lire paid on 7 June, 1929.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Acta Apostolicæ Sedis Romæ. Rome.Google Scholar
  2. Annuario Pontificio. Rome. Annual.Google Scholar
  3. The Catholic Directory. London. Annual.Google Scholar
  4. Catholic Encyclopaedia. 16 vols. New York, 1907.Google Scholar
  5. Codex Juris Canonici PiiX Pontificis Maximiiussu digestus Benedicti Papæ XV auctoritate promulgatus (Præfatione Emi Petri Card. Gasparri).Google Scholar
  6. ‘II volto della Chiesa.’ Manuale per i Laici. Vatican, 1944.Google Scholar
  7. Attwater (Donald) (editor), A Dictionary of the Popes; From Peter to Pius XII. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  8. Bagnani (G.), Rome and the Papacy. London, 1929.Google Scholar
  9. Bendiscioli (M.), La Politica Della Santa Sede. Florence, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Bernhart (J.), Le Vatican. Trône du Monde. Paris, 1930. English edition, London, 1939.Google Scholar
  11. Bury (J. B.), History of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  12. Butler (Dom Cuthbert), The Vatican Council. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  13. Carlen (M. Claudia), A Guide to the Encyclicals of the Roman Pontiffs from Leo XIII to the present day (1878–1937). New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  14. Cecchelli (Carlo), The Vatican City. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  15. Fülöp-Miller (R.), The Power and Secret of the Papacy. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  16. Giannini (A.). I Concordati Postbellici. Milan, 1929.Google Scholar
  17. Gorella (Dinu Al), La Cit#x00E9; du Vatican et La Notion d’ Etat. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  18. Henrici (H.), Das Gesetzbuch des Katholischen Kirche. Basel, 1918.Google Scholar
  19. Hergenröther (Card. Joseph), Handbuch der allgemeinen Kirchengeschichte (Revised by Kirsch, J. P.). 6th ed. 4 vols. Freiburg-im-Breisgau, 1924–25.Google Scholar
  20. Hoare (F. R.), The Papacy and the Modern State: An Essay on the Political History of the Catholic Church. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  21. Howells (T. B.), The Chair of St. Peter. The Rise and Fall of Papal Power. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  22. Hughes (Philip), The Pope’s New Order: A Systematic Summary of the Social Encyclicals and Addresses, from Leo XIII to Pius XII. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  23. Jacquenet (G.), Tu es Petrus. Paris, 1934.Google Scholar
  24. Labbeus (Phil.) and Cossartius (Gabriel) (S. J.), Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova et Amplissima Collectio. Mansi’s edition. 53 vols. Florentiae, 1759–98, and Paris-Arnhem, 1901–27.Google Scholar
  25. Le Fur (L.), Le Saint-Siège et le Droit des Gens. Paris, 1930.Google Scholar
  26. Melin (Mgr. Roseret de), La Cité du Vatican. Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  27. Miele (Mario), La condizione giuridica internazionale della Santa Sede e della Città del Vaticano. Milan, 1937.Google Scholar
  28. Pastor (Ludwig), History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages. 34 vols. London,1891–1941.Google Scholar
  29. Piola (A.), La Questione Romana nella Storia e nel Diritto. Padua, 1931.Google Scholar
  30. Salata (Francesco), Per La Storia Diplomatica della Questione Romana. Milan, 1930Google Scholar
  31. Schmidlin (Josef), Papstgeschichte der neuesten Zeit. 4 vols. Munich, 1939.Google Scholar
  32. Seldes (George), The Vatican: Yesterday, To-day and To-morrow. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  33. Sencourt (R.), The Genius of the Vatican. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  34. Streit (Carolus, S. V. D.), Atlas Hierarchicus Descriptio Geographica et Statistica totius Ecclesiae Catholicae et Orientis et Occidentis. Paderborn, 1913.Google Scholar
  35. Trezzi (G.), La Posizione Giuridica della Santa nel Diritto Internazionale. Rome, 1929.Google Scholar
  36. Tuker (M. A. R.), Handbook to Christian and Ecclesiastical Rome. 22nd ed. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  37. Wetzer (Heinrich Joseph) and Welte (Benedikt), Kirchenlexicon. 2nd ed. Begun by Card. Joseph Hergenröther and continued by Dr. Franz Kaulen. Freiburg-im-Breisgau, 1882#x2013;1901. 12 vols, and an index vol.Google Scholar
  38. Williamson (B.), The Treaty of the Lateran. With a Foreword by Cardinal Bourne. London, 1929.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1948

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations