Constitution and Government.—In 1839 the Central American Federation, which had comprised the states of Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, was dissolved, and Salvador became an independent republic. Plans for a gradual federation with Guatemala were discussed between the presidents of both countries in March, 1945. A new constitution, drafted to replace the one of 1886, was approved by a Constituent Assembly and promulgated 20 January, 1939, but in November, 1945, the old 1886 constitution was reinstated though with numerous amendments. It vests the legislative power in a single Chamber, the National Assembly, consisting of 3 deputies for each department, elected for 1 year by universal suffrage. Large powers are vested in the President, whose term is for 4 years; normally he cannot succeed himself. He has a cabinet of 5 members. Women in 1945 were conceded the suffrage, but must be 25 years old, domiciled in the constituency and have passed the elementary school grades with credit.
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Books of Reference concerning Salvador
- The official gazette is Diario Oficial.Google Scholar
- Anuario Estadistico. First year, 1911. San Salvador. Annual.Google Scholar
- Boletin de la Auditoria General de la Republica. San Salvador. Annual.Google Scholar
- The publications issued by the various departments of Government. San Salvador.Google Scholar
- Constitucion politica de la República de El Salvador decretada por el Congreso Nacional Constituyente el 13 de Agosto de 1886.Google Scholar
- Department of Overseas Trade Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
- The Republic of El Salvador. (Issued by the Bureau of Statistics.) Salvador, 1924.Google Scholar
- Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual Report of Council. London.Google Scholar
- Angel Gallardo (M.), Cuatro Constituciones Federales de Centro America y Las Constituciones politicas de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1945.Google Scholar
- Arguello (M.), E. Salvador: Tourists’ Guide. (Authorized by Act of Congress.) San Salvador. 1928.Google Scholar
- Gavidia (F.), Historia moderna de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1917.Google Scholar
- Quinónez (Dr. Lucio), La cuestión económica. San Salvador, 1919.Google Scholar