Egypt was originally part of the Turkish Empire. Since the end of the 18th century Great Britain has had special interests in Egypt. In 1882 internal disorders led to British military intervention, and on December 18, 1914, a British Protectorate over Egypt was declared, and the next day a Proclamation was issued deposing ‘Abbâs Hilmi, lately Khedive of Egypt, and conferring the title of Sultan of Egypt upon Hussein Kamil, eldest living prince of the family of Mohamed Ali. The British Protectorate was recognised by the Great Powers. Saltan Hussein Kamil died in 1917, and was succeeded by his brother as Sultan Fuad. The Protectorate terminated on February 28, 1922, and the Sultan was proclaimed King on March 15, 1922, since when Egypt has been an independent State.
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