República del Paraguay
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spanish rule in 1811, and after a short government by two consuls, the supreme power was seized, in 1815, by Dr. José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, who exercised autocratic sway as dictator till his death, September 20, 1840. Subsequently, in 1844, a new Constitution was adopted providing for the election of a President, President Lopez, in 1864, began a dispute with the Government of Brazil, which resulted in the entry of a Brazilian army, aided by forces of the Argentine Confederation and Uruguay, into the Republic, June, 1865. After a struggle of five years, in which Paraguay lost probably 500,000 men, Lopez was killed at Cerro Cora, March 1, 1870, in the last battle of the war. Argentina in August, 1942, and Brazil in May, 1943, voided the reparations debt imposed upon Paraguay which Paraguay had never paid.


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Books of Reference

Paraguay.: Books of Reference

  1. The official gazette is Gaceta Oficial.Google Scholar
  2. Anuario Daumas. Asunción.Google Scholar
  3. Anuario Kstadistico de la Republica del Paraguay, Asunción. Annual.Google Scholar
  4. Annual Message of President of the Republic upon opening of Congress on April 1. Asunción.Google Scholar
  5. Department of Overseas Trade Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  6. Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual. London.Google Scholar
  7. Bolland (E.), Exploraciones practicadas en el Alto Paraguay y en la Laguna Gaiba. Buenos Aires, 1901.Google Scholar
  8. Bordon (F. A.), Paraguay. Guia Geografica de Turismo. Asunción, 1932.Google Scholar
  9. Decoud (H.), Geografia de la República del Paraguay. Leipzig, 1911.Google Scholar
  10. De Ronde (P.), Paraguay. New York and London, 1935.Google Scholar
  11. Demersay (L. A.), Histoire physique, économique et politique du Paraguay et des établissements des Jésuites. 2 vols. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  12. Elliott (A. E.), Paraguay : its Cultural Heritage, Social Conditions and Educational Problems. New York, 1931.Google Scholar
  13. Escalada (J. M. Sosa), El Paraguay occidental. Buenos Aires, 1934.Google Scholar
  14. Fischer-Treuenfeld (R. von), Paraguay in Wort und Bild. Berlin, 1006.Google Scholar
  15. Grubb (W. B.), Among the Indians of the Paraguayan Chaco (Missionary work]. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  16. — An Unknown People of an Unknown Land. London, 1911.Google Scholar
  17. Jaurdan (E. C.), Guerra do Paraguay. Rio de Janeiro, 1890.Google Scholar
  18. Koebel (W. H.), Paraguay London, 1917.Google Scholar
  19. La Dardye (E. De B.), Paraguay : The Land and the People, Natural Wealth and Commercial Capabilities. English Edition. Edited by E. G. Ravensteìn, F.R.G.S. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  20. Mangels (H.), Wirtschaftliche) naturgeschichtliche, und Klimatologische Abhandlungen aus Paraguay. München, 1904.Google Scholar
  21. Olascoaga (R. de), Paraguay. [Translation from Reclus’ ‘Geographie Universelle,’ with prolegomena and notes.] Asuncion, 1896.Google Scholar
  22. Page (Commander Thomas G.), La Plata, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay. Narrative of the Exploration of the Tributaries of the River La Plata andadjacent Countries during the years 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856, under the orders of the United States Government. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
  23. Parker (W.), Paraguayans of To-day. Buenos Aires, 1020.Google Scholar
  24. Schurz (W. L.), Paraguay. A Commercial Handbook. Washington, 1921.Google Scholar
  25. Schuster (A. N.), Paraguay. An elaborate survey (in German) of the land and the people, their history and problems. Stuttgart, 1929.Google Scholar
  26. Vellard (J.), Une Civilisation du Miel: Les Indiens Guayakis du Paraguay. Paris, 1939.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1945

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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