Estados Unidos do Brasil
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil was discovered on May 3, 1500, by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvaros Cabral, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom,’ and on May 13, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João VI of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on October 12, 1822. On November 15, 1889, his only son, Dora Pedro II. (born 1825, died 1891), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.


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Books of Reference

Brazil: Statistical and other Books of Reference.: 1. Official Publications

  1. The official gazette is the Diário Oficial.Google Scholar
  2. Annuario Estatistico do Brasil. No. 1 and 2 (1908–1912). 11 vols. Rio de Janeiro, 1936. Handbook of Brazil. Bureau of the American Republics. Washington.Google Scholar
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  5. Department of Overseas Trade Report. London. Occasional.Google Scholar
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  7. O Brasil Actual ... Brazil of To-day: Economic Forces and Development. (In Portuguese and English.) Published by Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Rio de Janeiro, 1931.Google Scholar
  8. Brazil, 1938; a new Survey of Brazilian life, economic, financial, labour and social conditions from a general point of view. Rio de Janeiro, Servico grafico do instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistiça, 1939.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Year Book of Brazil. Edited by Ernest Hambloch. (In English and Portuguese.) Published by British Chamber of Commerce of Sao Paulo.Google Scholar
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  22. — The Mineral Wealth of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, 1941.Google Scholar
  23. — Brazil in the Making. New York, 1943.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1945

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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