Iraq was freed from the Turks during the Great War. It was recognised as an independent State, to be placed under a Mandatory Power, and the mandate was allotted to Great Britain. Relations between the two countries were defined by a treaty concluded in October, 1922, which provided that Great Britain should as soon as possible recommend Iraq for admission to membership of the League of Nations. This recommendation was made and accepted in October, 1932, whereupon the mandate was terminated and Iraq became an independent sovereign State member of the League of Nations (October 4, 1932). The treaty of 1922 also came to an end and was replaced by a Treaty of Alliance, which provides that each of the two high contracting parties shall immediately come to the aid of the other in the event of war.
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