Brazil was discovered on May 3, 1500, by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvaros Cabral, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom,’ and on May 13, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João VI. of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on October 12, 1822. On November 15, 1889, his only son, Dora Pedro II. (born 1825, died 1891), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.