• M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On August 1, 1291, the men of Uri, Schwyz, and Lower Unterwaiden entered into a defensive League. In 1353 the League included eight members, and in 1513 thirteen. Various allied and subject territories were acquired either by single cantons or by several in common, and in 1648 the League became formally independent of the Holy Roman Empire, but no addition was made to the number of cantons till 1798. In that year, under the influence of France, the unified Helvetic Republic was formed. This failed to satisfy the Swiss, and in 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte, in the Act of Mediation, gave a new constitution and out of the lands formerly allied or subject increased the number of cantons to nineteen. In 1815 the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland and the inviolability of her territory weie guaranteed by Austria, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, and Russia, and the Federal Pact which had been drawn up at Zürich, and which included three new cantons, was accepted by the Congress of Vienna. The Pact remained in force till 1848, when a new constitution, prepared without foreign interference, was accepted by general consent. This, in turn, was, on Kay 29, 1874, superseded by the constitution which is now in force.


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Statistical and Other Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

  1. Statistical Reports of the Government. Montevideo, Annual and biennial.Google Scholar
  2. Department of Overseas Trade Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  3. Acevedo (Eduardo), Manual de historia Uruguaya. Tomo 1, Abarca los tiempos heroicos, desde la conquista del territorio por los españoles, liasta la cruzada de los Treinta y Tres orientales. Montevideo, 1916.Google Scholar
  4. —Anales Históricos del Uruguay. Montevideo, 1933.Google Scholar
  5. Araúgo (O.), Dicciouario Geográfico del Uruguay. 2nd edition. Montevideo, 1912.Google Scholar
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  10. —-Impresione de Uruguay en el Siglo, XX. London, 1912.Google Scholar
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  12. Rumbold (Sir H.), The Great Silver River. London, 1888.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1943

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  • M. Epstein

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