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Haiti

République d’Haïti
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Haiti, which had been a French colony since 1677, was proclaimed independent on January 1, 1801, under the leadership of a black chieltain, Toussaint L’Ouverture, who founded a kingdom which lasted until 1820. Since then Haiti has been a Republic which is now governed under a centralized system laid down by the Constitution of 1935, to which, however, 20 amendments were added in July, 1939, materially increasing the powers of the National Assembly. The President is now elected by two-thirds vote of the National Assembly and serves for 5 years. Amendments to the Constitution are now the exclusive power of the National Assembly, which is composed of 37 deputies and 21 senators aud, as life members, all the former Presidents of the Republic who have completed their terms of office since 1930. Deputies are elected for 4 years by popular vote; senators for 6 years, 11 of these are elected by the Chamber of Deputies and 10 are appointed by the President of the Republic. One third of the number retires every 2 years. Under the Constitution, deputies and senators must own real property in Haiti.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1943

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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