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Haiti

République d’Haïti
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Haiti, which had been a French colony since 1677, was proclaimed independent on January 1, 1801, under the leadership of a black chieftain, Toussaint L’Ouverture, who founded a kingdom which lasted until 1820. Since then Haiti has been a Republic which is now governed under a centralized system laid down by the Constitution of 1935, to which, however, 20 amendments were added in July, 1939, materially increasing the powers of the National Assembly. The President is now elected by two-thirds vote of the National Assembly and serves for 5 years. Amendments to the Constitution are now the exclusive power of the National Assembly, which is composed of 37 deputies and 21 senators aud, as life members, all the former Presidents of the Republic who have completed their terms of office since 1930. Deputies are elected for 4 years by popular vote; senators for 6 years, 11 of these are elected by the Chamber of Deputies and 10 are appointed by the President of the Republic. One third of the number retires every 2 years. Under the Constitution, deputies and senators must own real property in Haiti.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Haiti

1. Official Publications

  1. Department of Overseas Trade Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  2. Geology of the Republic of Haiti. Port-au-Prince, 1924.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Reports of Haitian governmental departments. Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar
  4. Haitian Directory and Handbook, By the Consulate General of New York. 1983.Google Scholar
  5. Annual report of the fiscal representative for the fiscal year ending September 30, as submitted to the Government of Haiti and the Secretary of State of the United States.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Haiti 1919–1920. Blue Book of Haiti. A Pictorial Review of the Republic of Haiti, including special articles on History, Government, Geography, Commerce, and Natural Resources. New York, 1919.Google Scholar
  2. Aubin (E.), En Haiti. Paris 1910.Google Scholar
  3. Batch (Emily G.) (editor), Occupied Haiti; Report of an unofficial committee of six sent to Haiti by the International League for Peace and Freedom. New York, 1927.Google Scholar
  4. Bellegarde (D.), L’Occupation Americaine d’Haiti: Sea conséquences morales et économiques. Port-au-Prince, 1929.Google Scholar
  5. —Haiti and Her Problems. Rio Piedros, 1936.Google Scholar
  6. —La Nation Hauienne. Paris, 1938.Google Scholar
  7. Davis (H. P.), Black Democracy. The Star of Haiti. London, 1929.Google Scholar
  8. Janvier (L. J.), Les Constitutions d’Haïti (1801–1885) Paris, 1886.Google Scholar
  9. —La République d’Haïti, 1840–82. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  10. Justin (J.), Etude sur les Institutions Haïtiennes. Paris, 1894.Google Scholar
  11. Léger (A. N.), Haiti, Her History and Detractors. New York, 1907.Google Scholar
  12. —Histoire diplomatique d’Haiti. Port-au-Prince, 1930.Google Scholar
  13. Loedercr (R. A.), Voodoo Fire in Haiti. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  14. Madiou (N.), Histoire d’Haiti. 3 vols. Revised ed. Port-au-Prince, 1922.Google Scholar
  15. Millspaugh (A. P.), Haiti Under American Control, 1915–1930. Boston. 1933.Google Scholar
  16. Montague (L. L.), Haiti and the United States (1714–1938), Durham (U.S.A.), 1940.Google Scholar
  17. Morpeau, (M.), Code de procedure civile annoté avec commentaires, jurisprudence et formules. Port-au-Prince, 1909.Google Scholar
  18. Niles (B.), Black Haïti. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  19. Price (H.), Dictionnaire de Legislation Administrative Haïtienne. Port-au-Prince, 1923.Google Scholar
  20. Pritchard (Hesketh), Where Black Rules White. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  21. Steedman (Mable), Unknown to the World : Haiti. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  22. Vincent (Sténio), Efforts et Résultats. Survey of the Country’s Problems, by the President. Port-au-Prince, 1938.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1942

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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