The Republic of Haiti, formerly a French colony, was proclaimed independent January 1, 1804, and is now governed under a highly centralized system laid down by a Constitution approved at a plebiscite held June 2, 1935, and effective on June 17, 1935. After being in abeyance since 1917 (their functions performed by the Council of State, nominated by the President) the Senate and Chamber were revived in October, 1930, to sit until 1936. The President is now elected by the people, meeting in communal electoral assemblies, who must chose one of three candidates submitted to them by the deputies and senators, sitting as a National Assembly ; the President serves for five years. Deputies are elected for 4 years by popular vote ; senators (6 years) are appointed partly by the President and partly by the deputies from 2 lists containing 3 candidates for each seat, one list submitted by the President and the other by electoral colleges in each department. Under the 1935 constitution deputies and senators must own real property.
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