Mexico was annexed to the Spanish Crown by conquest in 1521, and for three centuries continued to be governed by Spain. In all 62 Spanish Viceroys ruled the Courts, from Antonio de Mendoza (1535–1650) to Juan O’Donojú (1821–1822). After three quarters of a century marked by stormy events (see Statesman’s Year-Book, 1928, p. 1099) the country settled down in 1876 to a long and quiet regime under the presidency of General Porfirio Diaz (died July 2, 1915), who ruled the country with the exception of four years (1880–4, General Manuel Gonzalez) until May 25, 1911, when he presented his resignation to Congress. Another period marked by coups d’état and civil war followed until 1920, when General Adolfo de la Huerta was elected Provisional President in May, and in September, 1920, the presidential elections returned General Alvero Obregon. He was succeeded by President Calles (1924–28), and Provisional President Gil (1928–30).
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