An Act was passed in 1920 under which separate Parliaments were set up for “Southern Ireland” (26 counties) and “Northern Ireland” (6 counties). The Ulster Unionists accepted this scheme, and the Northern Parliament was duly elected on May 24, 1921, and opened by the King in person in the following June. The rest of Ireland, however, having proclaimed a Republic in January 1919 refused to work the Act. On December 6, 1921 a treaty was signed with the British Government which was embodied in the Irish Free State (Agreement) Act, 1922.
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