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Turkey

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

In November, 1922, a change of capital importance took place in the internal economy of Turkey. Up to that time Constantinople continued to be the residence of the Sultan, and a Government deriving its authority from him still existed there. This Government, however, exerted no effective power outside Constantinople, together with a small adjacent area and another small area adjoining Chanak on the Dardanelles. The Greek Government administered Thrace up to the frontier laid down by the Treaty of Sèvres of August 10, 1920. Except for the small areas mentioned above, the whole of Asia Minor was under the authority of the de facto Government set up at Angora in April, 1920, under the name of the “Government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.” On November 1, 1922, the Grand National Assembly voted a resolution declaring that the office of Sultan had ceased to exist and providing that the office of Caliph, which had hitherto been vested in the person of the Sultan, should be filled by election from among the Princes of the House of Osman. Previous to this the Angora Government had made preparations to take over the administration of Constantinople whenever an opportunity offered. On November 4, 1922, General Rafet Pasha, who was in charge of these preparations, declared that he had taken over the administration on behalf of the Government of the Grand National Assembly. The same day the Grand Vizier, Tewfik Pasha, presented the resignation of the Constantinople Cabinet to the Sultan. The Sultan himself, on November 17, took refuge on board a British warship and left Constantinople. The Grand National Assembly immediately elected to the Caliphate his only cousin Prince Abdul-Medjid, the eldest prince, in male descent, of the House of Osman.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1923

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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