Sultan Ahmad Shah, born January 20, 1898 (27th Shaban 1315), succeeded his father, Muhammad Ali Shah (who abdicated) July 16, 1909, under regency of Ali Riza Khan, Azud ul Mulk, chief of the Kajar tribe. Azud ul Mulk, the Regent, died September 22, 1910, and on the 25th of the same month the National Council elected Abul Kasim Khan, Nasir-ul-Mulk, who was then in Europe, as his successor. The Regent arrived in Teheran on February 8, 1911, and definitely assumed his functions by taking the oath before the National Council on March 4. The coronation of the Shah took place on July 21, 1914.
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