Panama, formerly a department of the Republic of Colombia, asserted its independence on November 3, 1903, and the de facto Government was on November 13 recognised by the Government of the united States, and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914 Colombia, in virtue of the Treaty of Bogota entered into with the United States (see under Colombia), undertook to agree to recognise the independence of Panama. This Treaty has been ratified by Colombia but not by the United States.
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