The Republic of Austria was proclaimed on November 12, 1918. The Government was taken in hand by a National Assembly which appointed a temporary cabinet and proceeded to pass laws. On February 16, 1919, the National Constitutional Assembly, consisting of only one Chamber, was duly elected on the basis of universal and proportional suffrage, where every Austrian subject, male and female, has a vote if 20 years of age, and is eligible if 29 years of age. On the same basis the elections tor the first Parliament were held (October, 1920), and these resulted in the following parties being returned :—Christian Socialists, 82; Social Democrats, 66; German Nationalists, 20; Peasants’ Party, 6; Workers’ Party, 1.
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