(República Oriental del Uruguay.)
  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Uruguay, formerly a part of the Spanish Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata, and subsequently a province of Brazil, declared its independence August 25, 1825, which was recognised by the Treaty of Montevideo, signed August 27, 1828. The Constitution of the Republic was last amended on January 3, 1918, and came into force on March 1, 1919. The franchise is universal for males over 18 years of age; voting is secret, and the principle of proportional representation operates. The legislative power is vested in a Parliament of two Houses, the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives, which meet in annual session, extending from February 15 to July 15. In the interval of the session, a permanent committee of two senators and five members of the Lower House assumes the control of the executive power. The representatives are chosen for three years, in the proportion of 1 to every 12,000 inhabitants of male adults who can read and write. The senators are chosen by an Electoral College, whose members are directly elected by the people; there is one senator for each department, chosen for six years, one-third retiring every two years. There are 90 representatives and 19 senators.


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Books of Reference concerning Uruguay

  1. Anuario Estadístico de la República Oriental del Uruguay. Montevideo. Annual.Google Scholar
  2. The Statistical Reports of the various Government Departments.Google Scholar
  3. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  4. Resumen Anual de Estadistica Municipal de Montevideo. Montevideo.Google Scholar
  5. Acevedo (Eduardo), Manual de historia uruguaya. Tomo 1, Abarca los teempos heroicos, desde la conquista del territorio por los españoles, hasta Ja eruzada de los Treinta y Tres orientales. Montevideo, 1016.Google Scholar
  6. Araújo (O.), Diccionario Geográfico del Uruguay, (2nd edition). Montevideo, 1912.—Ei libro de “El Siglo.”—Montevideo, 1913.Google Scholar
  7. Bauza (Francisco), História de la dominacion española en el Uruguay. Montevideo 1880.Google Scholar
  8. Keane (A. H.), Central and South America. 2nd ed. Vol. I. In Stanford’s Compendium of Geography and Travel. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  9. Koebel (W. H.), Uruguay. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  10. Maeso (C. M.), El Uruguay al través de un Siglo. Montevideo, 1910.—Impresiones del Uruguay en el Siglo, xx. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  11. Martin (P.F.), Through Five Republics. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  12. Review of the River Plate. Weekly. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  13. Ross (H. J. Gordon), Argentina and Uruguay. London, 1917.Google Scholar
  14. Roustan (Honoré), and Pena (C. M. de), La Republica Oriental del Uruguay en la Exposicion Universal Colombiano de Chicago. Montevideo, 1893.Google Scholar
  15. Bumbold (Sir H.), The Great Silver River. London, 1888.Google Scholar
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  17. Vincent (Frank), Round and About South America. New York, 1899.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1919

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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