(República del Perú.)
  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Peru, formerly the most important of the Spanish Viceroyalties in South America, issued its declaration of independence July 28, 1821; but it was not till after a war, protracted till 1824, that the country gained its actual freedom from Spanish rule. The Republic is politically divided into departments, and the departments into provinces. According to the Constitution proclaimed on November 10, 1860, the legislative power is vested in a Senate (52 members) and a House of Representatives (116 members), the latter composed of deputies of the provinces, in the proportion of one for every 30,000 inhabitants or fraction exceeding 15,000 and the former of representatives in the proportion of four senators for each department which has more than eight provinces; three for each department which has less than eight provinces and more than four; two for each department which has less than five and more than one; one for a department having only one province; and one for the littoral province of Callao. Senators must have an income of 1,000 soles (100l.) a year or belong to a scientific profession; and deputies 500 soles (50l.) a year, or belong to a scientific profession. Both senators and deputies are elected by a direct vote. Every two years one-third of the members of each chamber, as decided by lot, retire. Congress meets annually on July 28, and sits for 90 days only. It may be summoned as often as necessary, but no extraordinary session may last more than 45 days.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Peru

1. Official Publications

  1. Official Publication relating to Putumayo, &c. …. ‘Coleccion de Leyes, Decretos, Resoluciones y otros Documentos oficiales referente al Departamento de Loreto.’ Carlos Larrabure y Correa. XVIII. vols.Google Scholar
  2. The publications of the various Government Departments.Google Scholar
  3. Reports on the Trade of Peru in Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  4. Peru-Bolivia Boundary Commission, 1911–1913. Reports of the British Officers of the Peruvian Commission, Diplomatic Memoranda, and Maps of the Boundary Zone. Edited for the Government of Peru by the Royal Geographical Society of London. London, 1916.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la Sociedad Geográfica de Lima. Half-yearly. Lima.—Boletin del Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Minas del Peru. Lima.Google Scholar
  2. Bandelier (A. F.), The Islands of Titicaca and Koati. New York, 1910.Google Scholar
  3. Bowman (I.), The Andes of Southern Peru. New York, 1916.Google Scholar
  4. Cisneros (C. B.), and Garcia (R. E.), El Peru en Europa. Lima, 1900.—Geografía Comercial de la América del Sud. 3 vols. Lima.—Guia del Callao, Lima y sus Alrededores. Lima, 1898.—Monografía del Departamento de la Libertad. Lima, 1900.—Monografía geográfica, estadística del Departamento de Lima. [The same authors, together or separately, have published several other works on the commerce, products, and industries of Peru, notably Cisneros (C. B.), Sinopsis Estadistica del Peru. Lima, 1912.]Google Scholar
  5. Enock (R. C.), The Andes and the Amazon: Life and Travel in Peru. London, 1907.—Peru. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  6. Garcia Calderon (F.), Le Pérou Contemporain. Paris, 1907.Google Scholar
  7. Greulich (O), Peru. Zurich, 1915.Google Scholar
  8. Guiness (Geraldine), Peru: Its Story, People, and Religion. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  9. Haënke (T.), Descripcion del Peru. Lima, 1901.Google Scholar
  10. Higginson (E.), Mines and Mining in Peru. Lima, 1903.Google Scholar
  11. Laos (R.), A Handbook of Peru for Investors and Immigrants. Baltimore, 1903.Google Scholar
  12. Lavalle (J. A.), De Agronomia Nacional. Lima, 1918.—Los caracteres agrológicos de las tierras cultivadas en la costa del Péru, Lima, 1918.Google Scholar
  13. Markham (C. R.), Travels in Peru and India. London, 1862.—Cuzco and Lima. London, 1858.—Peru. London, 1881.—The War between Peru and Chili, 1879–81. London, 1883.—The Incas of Peru. London, 1910.Google Scholar
  14. Martin (P.), Peru of the Twentieth Century. London, 1911.Google Scholar
  15. Maurtua (V. M.), The Question of the Pacific [on boundary disputes]. Philadelphia, 1901.Google Scholar
  16. Mendiburu (M. de), Diccionario Historico-Biografico del Peru. 8 vols. Callao, 1874–1890.Google Scholar
  17. Meyendorff (Conrad de), L’Empire du Soleil: Pérou et Bolivie. Paris, 1909.Google Scholar
  18. Paz Soldan (Mariano Felipe), Historia del Perú Independente. 3 vols. 1868 et seqq.—Diccionario Geográfico Estadístico del Peru. 1877.Google Scholar
  19. Plane (A.), A travers l’Amérique Equatoriale. Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  20. Prado (J.), Estado Social del Péru durante la dominacion española. Lima, 1894.Google Scholar
  21. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Peru. London. Many editions.Google Scholar
  22. Preusse-Sperber (O.), Peru. Eine Skizze seines wirtschaftlichen und staatlichen Lebens. Frankfurt, 1913.Google Scholar
  23. René-Moreno (G.), Ultimos Días Coloniales en el Alto Peru, 1807–1808. Santiago de Chile, 1896–98.Google Scholar
  24. Riva-Agüero (Jose), La Historia en el Peru. Lima, 1910.Google Scholar
  25. Seebee (F.), Travelling Impressions in and Notes on Peru. 2nd ed. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  26. Squier (E. G.), Peru: Incidents of Travels and Exploration in the Land of the Incas, London, 1877.Google Scholar
  27. Tschudí (Joh. Jakob von), Reisen durch Südamerika. 5 vols. Leipzig, 1866–68.Google Scholar
  28. Urteago (H.), Collección de historiadores clásicos del Péru Vol. 1. Lima, 1918.Google Scholar
  29. Vivian (E. C.), Peru. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  30. Weisse (Carlos), Las civilizaciones primitivas del Péru. Lima, 1913.Google Scholar
  31. Wiener (Charles), Pérou et Bolivie. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar
  32. Wright (Marie Robinson), The Old and New Peru. Philadelphia and London, 1909.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1919

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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