The Principality of Liechtenstein, lying between the Austrian crownland of Vorarlberg and the Swiss cantons of St. Gallen and Graubünden, is a sovereign State consisting of Schellenberg and Vaduz (formerly immediate fiefs of the Roman Empire). The former in 1699 and the latter in 1712 came into the possession of the house of Liechtenstein and, by diploma of January 23, 1719, granted by the Emperor Karl VI., the two lordships were constituted as the Principality of Liechtenstein. After the break-up of the Empire in 1806 the Principality was incorporated in the Rhine Confederation; from 1815 to 1866 it formed part of the German Confederation, since the break-up of which it has joined no similar union.
Books of Reference
- Falke (J. von), Geschichte des fürstlichen Hauses Liechtenstein. 3 vols. Vienna, 1868–1882.Google Scholar
- Inder Maur (K. von), Verfassung und Verwaltung im Fürstentum Liechtenstein, Vienna, 1907.Google Scholar
- Krätzl (F.), Das Fürstentum Liechtenstein und der gesamte Fürst Johann von und u Liechtenstein’sche Güterbesitz. Brünn, 1913.Google Scholar