(Estados Unidos do Brazil.)
  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil became a Portuguese settlement in 1500. On the French invasion of Portugal, in 1807, the Portuguese Koyal family fled to Brazil; on December 10, 1815, the colony was declared ‘a kingdom.’ The Portuguese Court having returned to Europe in 1821, a national congress assembled at Rio de Janeiro, and on May 13, 1822, Dorn Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João VI. of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on October 12 following. In 1831 he abdicated the crown in favour of his only son, Dom Pedro II. (born 1825, died 1891), who reigned as Emperor until November 15, 1889, when by a revolution he was dethroned, and he and his family exiled, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Statistical and other Books of Reference

1. Official Publications

  1. Annuario Bstatistico do Brazil. No. 1 (1908–1912). 2 vols. Rio, 1917.Google Scholar
  2. Brazilian Year-Book, compiled and edited by J. P. Wileman. Rio de Janeiro, London and New York. (Only for 1908 and 1909.)Google Scholar
  3. Constituïção da Republica dos Estados Unidos de Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, 1891.Google Scholar
  4. Handbook of Brazil. Bureau of the American Republics. Washington 1901.Google Scholar
  5. Boletins of the various Ministries. Annual Presidential Messages of each of the States.Google Scholar
  6. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  7. Brazil and Bolivia. Treaty for exchange of Territories and other Compensations signed November 17, 1903. New York, 1904.Google Scholar
  8. Brazil, its Natural Riches and Industries. 2 Vols. Published by the Brazilian Mission of Economic Expansion. Paris, 1910.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Adam (P.), Les visages du Brésil. Paris, 1914.Google Scholar
  2. Annuaire de Brésil Économique. Annual. Rio and Paris. First issue, 1913.Google Scholar
  3. Bell (A. G.), Tue Beautiful Rio de Janeiro. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  4. Bennett (Frank), Forty Years in Brazil. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  5. Bruce (G. J.), Brazil and the Brazilians. London, 1915.Google Scholar
  6. Buley (E. C.), North Brazil. London., 1914.—South Brazil. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  7. Burnichon (J.), Le Brésil d’aujourd’hui. Paris, 1910.Google Scholar
  8. Calogeras. As Minas do Brazil e sua legislação. 3 vols. Rio. 1905.Google Scholar
  9. Calvert (A. F.), Mineral Resources of Minas Geraes. London, 1915.Google Scholar
  10. Carvalho (C. M. D.), Le Brésil mériodional. Rio de Janeiro, 1910.— Geographia do Brasil. Tomo I. Geographia geral. Rio de Janeiro, 1913.—Metéorologie du Brésil. London, 1917.Google Scholar
  11. Castro (A. O. Viveiros de), Tratado dos Impostos. Rio, 1910.Google Scholar
  12. Cook (W. A.), Through the Wildernesses of Brazil by horse, canoe, and float. London, 1910.Google Scholar
  13. Coudreau (O.), Voyage au Trombetas. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  14. Dawson (T. C.), The South American Republics. Part I. New York and London, 1904.Google Scholar
  15. Denis (P.), Brazil. London, 1910.Google Scholar
  16. Fialho (A.), Historia da fundacão da Republica. Rio de Janeiro, 1891.Google Scholar
  17. Fonseca (J. S. da) and Almeida (P. de), Voyage autour du Brézil. Rio de Janeiro, 1899.Google Scholar
  18. Fountain (P.), The. River Amazon from its Source to the Sea. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  19. Garraux (A. L.), Bibliographie Brésilienne. Paris, 1898.Google Scholar
  20. Grossi (V.), Storia della Colonizazione Europea al Brasile e della Emigrazione Italiana nello Stato di San Paulo. Roma, 1905.Google Scholar
  21. Hesse-Wartegg (E. von) Zwischen Anden und Amazonas. Stuttgart, 1916.Google Scholar
  22. Keane (A. H.), Central and South America, in Stanford’s Compendium. 2nd edition. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  23. Koch-Grünberg (T.), Zwei Jahre unter den Indianern. Reisen in Nord-west Brasilien 2 vols. Berlin, 1910.Google Scholar
  24. Labroy (O.), Culture et Exploitation de Caoutchouc au Brésil. Paris, 1913.Google Scholar
  25. Laemmert (Eduardo von), Almanak administrative, mercantil e industrial, da corte provincia do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  26. Lamberg (M.), Brasilen, Land und Leute. Leipzig, 1899.Google Scholar
  27. Lange (A.), The Lower Amazon. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  28. Le Brésil. Paris (published weekly).Google Scholar
  29. Leeuw (N. R.), Brazilië, een land der toekomst. Amsterdam, 1909.Google Scholar
  30. Levasseur (E.), Le Brésil. 3me ed. Paris, 1899.Google Scholar
  31. Mackellar (C. D.), A Pleasure Pilgrim in South America. [Deals also with Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chili, and Argentine.] London, 1908.Google Scholar
  32. Maximiliano (Carlos), Commentaries à Constituição Brasileira. Rio. 1918.Google Scholar
  33. McEwan (J. D.), Brazil. Montreal, 1918.Google Scholar
  34. Milton (A. A.), A Constitução do Brazil Rio de Janeiro, 1895Google Scholar
  35. Nabuco de Araujo (J.), Urn Estadista do Imperio, Nabuco de Aranjo, sua Vida, suas Opiniões, sua Epoca. 2 vols. Paris, 1898.Google Scholar
  36. Néry (Baron de Santa-Anna), The Land of the Amazons. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  37. Oakenfull (J. C.), Brazil in 1913. (Fifth year of issue.) London, 1915.Google Scholar
  38. Oliveira (V. C. de), A Patria Brazileira. Rio de Janeiro, 1903.Google Scholar
  39. Orban (V.), Littérature brésilienne. Paris, 1914.Google Scholar
  40. Perrin (Paul), Les Colonies Agricoles an Brésil. Paris, 1912.Google Scholar
  41. Plane (A.), A travers l’Amérique Equatoriale. Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  42. Retrospecto do Jornal do Commercio Rio. Annual.Google Scholar
  43. Revista do Instituto Historieo e Geographico Brasileiro. 5 vols. Rio, 1914.Google Scholar
  44. Roosevelt (T.), Through the Brazilian Wilderness. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  45. Sampaio (A. J.), General Description of the State of Piauhy. Rio de Janeiro, 1907.Google Scholar
  46. Savage-Landor (Henry), Across Unknown South America. 2 Vols. London. 1913.Google Scholar
  47. Schmidt (M.), Indianerstudien in Zentralbrasilien, 1900–01. Berlin, 1905.Google Scholar
  48. Sellin (A. W.), Landeskunde der vereinigten Staaten von Brasilien. Hamburg, 1909.Google Scholar
  49. Smith (H. H.), The Rubber Industry of the Amazon. London. 1916.Google Scholar
  50. Walle (Paul), Au Brésil: La Colonization. Paris 1912.—Au Brésil: Du Rio São Francisco à l’Amazone. Paris, 1912.—Le Caoutchouc du Brésil. Paris, 1912.—Au Brésil: De l’Uruguay au Rio São Francisco. Paris, 1912.Google Scholar
  51. Wells (J. W.), Exploring and Travelling three thousand miles through Brazil. 2 vols. London. 1886.Google Scholar
  52. Whiffen (T.), The North-West Amazons. London, 1915.Google Scholar
  53. Winter (N. O.), Brazil and her People of To-day. Boston, 1910.Google Scholar
  54. Wright (Mrs. M. R.), The New Brazil. New edition. Philadelphia, 1914.Google Scholar
  55. Zahm (J. H.), Through South America’s Southlands. New York, 1918.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1919

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations