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Chile

(República de Chile.)
  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Chile threw off allegiance to the Crown of Spain by the declaration of independence of September 18, 1810, finally freeing itself from Spanish rule in 1818. The Constitution voted by the representatives of the nation on May 25, 18–33, with a few subsequent amendments, establishes three powers in the State—the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The legislative power is vested in the National Congress, consisting of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate is composed of 37 members popularly elected by provinces for the term of six years, in the proportion of one Senator for every three Deputies; while the Chamber of Deputies composed of 118 members chosen directly by departments for a period of three years, consists of one representative for every 30,000 of the population, or a fraction not less than 15,000; the present number of deputies was determined in 1910 on the basis of the census results of 1907. Both bodies are chosen by the same electors. Electors must be 21 years of age, and able to read and write. The executive is exercised by the President of the Republic elected for a term of five years, by indirect vote, the people nominating, by ballot, delegates who appoint the President. A retiring President is not re-eligible. In legislation the President has a modified veto; a bill returned to the chambers with the President’s objections may, by a two-thirds vote of the members present (a majority of the members being present), be sustained and become law. The day of a Presidential election is June 25 of the last of the five years of a Presidency.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Chile

1. Official Publications

  1. Annuario Estadistico de la Republica de Chile. Santiago. Annual.Google Scholar
  2. Memorias presentandas al Congreso nacional por los Ministros de Estado en loa departamentos de Relaciones Exteriores, Hacienda, &c Santiago.Google Scholar
  3. Chile: Handbook compiled by the International Bureau of American Republics, Washington. (1909).Google Scholar
  4. Estadística comercial de la República de Chile. Annual. Valparaiso.Google Scholar
  5. Synopsis estadística y geográfica de Chile. Santiago, AnnualGoogle Scholar
  6. Reports on the trade, manufactures, agriculture of Chile in Foreign Office Reports, annual series. London.Google Scholar
  7. Statement on behalf of Chile in reply to the Argentine Report, submitted to the British Arbitration Tribunal. 6 vols. London, 1901–02.Google Scholar
  8. Chile Economico. Santiago, 1914.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Anrique (N.) and Silva (L. I.), Ensayo de una Bibliografía Historica i Geográfica de Chile. Santiago, 1902.Google Scholar
  2. Asta-Buruaga Francisco S.), Diccionario geográfico de la República de Chile. New ed. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  3. Barros Arana (Diego), La guerre du Pacifique. Paris, 1882.—Historia General de Chile. 16 vols. Completed, 1902. Santiago.Google Scholar
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  5. Bulnes (G), Guerra del Pacifico. Santiago, 1915.Google Scholar
  6. Bürger (O.), Acht Lehr-und Wander jahre iu Chile. Leipzig, 1909.Google Scholar
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  10. Elliot (G. F. Scott), Chile: Its History and Development. London, 1907.Google Scholar
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  14. Keane (A. H.), Central and South America. [In Stanford’s Compendium.] 2nd edition. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  15. Koebel (W. H.), Modern Chile. London, 1913.Google Scholar
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  18. Martin (C.), Landeskunde von Chile. Hamburg, 1909.Google Scholar
  19. Mehegan (John J.), O’Higgins of Chile. London, 1913.Google Scholar
  20. Mills (G. J), Chile. London 1914.Google Scholar
  21. Montebruno (Julio), Jeografia de America i de Chile, Leipzig, 1909.Google Scholar
  22. Poirier (E.), Chile en 1908. Santiago, 1909.Google Scholar
  23. Rosales (R. P. Diego de), Historia general del Eeyno de Chile. 3 vols. Valparaiso, 1877–78.Google Scholar
  24. Vicuna (S. M.), Los ferrocariles de Chile. Santiago, 1910.Google Scholar
  25. Wagemann (E.), Die Wirtschaftsverfassung der Republik Chile. Munich, 1913.Google Scholar
  26. Wright (M. R.), The Republic of Chile. London, 1905.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1918

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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