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Brazil

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Brazil became a Portuguese settlement in 1500. On the French invasion of Fortugal, in 1807, the Portuguese Royal family fled to Brazil; in 1813 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom.’ The Portuguese Court having returned to Europe in 1821, a national congress assembled at Rio de Janeiro, and on May 13, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João VI. of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘ Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender ‘ on October 12 following. In 1831 he abdicated the crown in favour of his only son, Dom Pedro II. (born 1825, died 1891), who reigned as Emperor until November 15, 1889, when by a revolution he was dethroned, and he and his family exiled, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1915

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
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    • 2
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  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandParisFrance
  3. 3.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandBerlinGermany
  4. 4.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandPetrogradRussia
  5. 5.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandMunichGermany
  6. 6.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandRomeItaly
  7. 7.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandLisbonPortugal
  8. 8.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandAmsterdamNetherlands
  9. 9.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandBrusselsBelgium
  10. 10.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandBuda-PestHungary
  11. 11.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandGenevaSwitzerland
  12. 12.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandNeuchatelSwitzerland
  13. 13.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandPhiladelphiaUSA
  14. 14.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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