República del Paraguay
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spanish rule in 1811, and after a short government by two consuls, the supreme power was seized, in 1815, by Dr. José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, who exercised autocratic sway as dictator till his death, September 20, 1840. Dr. Francia’s reign was followed by an interregnum, which lasted till 1842, when a National Congress, meeting at the capital Asuncion, elected Don Mariano Roque Alonso and Don Carlos Antonio Lopez, joint consuls of the Republic. Another Congress voted, March 13, 1844, a new Constitution, and, March 14, elected Don Carlos Antonio Lopez sole President; he was continued by another election, March 14, 1857. At the death of Don Carlos, September 10, 1862, his son, Don Francisco Solano Lopez, born 1827, succeeded to the supreme power. President Lopez, in 1864, began a dispute with the Government of Brazil, the consequence of which was the entry of a Brazilian army, united with forces of the Argentine Confederation and Uruguay, into the Republic, June 1865. After a struggle of five years, in which Paraguay lost probably 500,000 men, Lopez was defeated and killed at the battle of Cerro Cora, March 1, 1870.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Paraguay

  1. Mensage del Présidente de la República, presentado al Congreso Legislativode la Nacion Annual. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  2. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  3. Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual. London.Google Scholar
  4. Akers (C. E.), History of South America, l854–1904. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  5. Aroesmena (J.), Constituciones Politicas de la America Meridional. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
  6. Audibert (A.), Question de Limites entre el Paraguay y Bolivia. Asuncion, 1901.Google Scholar
  7. Beneles (G.),Annales, diplomatico y Militar, de la Guerra del Paraguay. Asuncion, 1906.Google Scholar
  8. Bolland (E.), Exploraciones practicadas en el Alto Paraguay y en la Laguna Gaiba. Buenos Aires, 1901.Google Scholar
  9. Bruyssel (E. van), La Republique du Paraguay. Bruxelles, 1893.Google Scholar
  10. Decoud (A. L.), Album Grafico del Paraguay. Asuncion, 1912.Google Scholar
  11. Decoud (H.), Geografia de la República del Paraguay. Leipzig, 1911.Google Scholar
  12. Demersay (L. A.), Histoire physique, économique et politique du Paraguay et des etablissements des Jésuites. 2 vols. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
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  14. Graham (R. B. Cunningham), A Vanished Arcadia. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  15. Grubb (W. B.), Among the Indians of the Paraguayan Chaco [Missionary work]. London, 1904.—An Unknown People of an Unknown Land. London, 1911.Google Scholar
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  18. Macdonald (A. K.), Picturesque Paraguay. London, 1811.Google Scholar
  19. Mangels (H.), Wirtschaftliche, naturgeschichtliche, und Klimatologische Abhandlungen aus Paraguay. München, 1904.Google Scholar
  20. Olascoaga (, Paraguay. [Translation from Reclus’ ‘Geographie Universelle,’ with prolegomena and notes.] Asuncion, 1896.Google Scholar
  21. Page (Commander Thomas G.), La Plata, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay. Narrative of the Exploration of the Tributaries of the River La Plata and adjacent Countries during the years 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856, under the orders of the United States Government. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1913

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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