República del Ecuador
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Ecuador was constituted May 11, 1830, in consequence of a civil war which separated the members of the original Republic of Colombia, founded by Simon Bolivar, by uniting the Presidency of Quito to the Vice-Royalty of New Grenada, and the Captaincy-General of Venezuela, when they threw off the Spanish yoke. Under the present Constitution, promulgated December 23, 1906, the executive is vested in a President, elected for the term of four years, while the legislative power is given to a Congress of two Houses; the first consisting of thirty-two senators, two for each province (chosen for four years), and the second of 48 deputies, on the basis of one deputy for every 30,000 inhabitants, chosen for two years; both elected by adults who can read and write. The Congress meets on the 10th of August of every year at Quito, the capital, without being summoned by the Government. The election of the President takes place in a direct manner by the people, and that of the Vice-President, whose term of office is also four years, by the same procedure, but two years after that of the President, so that he is a member of two distinct administrations. The Vice-President in certain cases may be called upon to occupy the Presidential chair. He also discharges the duties of President of the Council State.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Ecuador

1. Official Publications

  1. Geografia y Geologia del Ecuador, publicado por órden del Supremo Gobierno de la Republica, por Dr. Teodoro Wolf. Leipzic, 1893.Google Scholar
  2. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series, and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. London.Google Scholar
  4. Monthly Bulletins of the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Campos, Galería de Ecuatorianos célebres. Guayaquil, 1881.Google Scholar
  2. Cevallos, Compendio del resumen de la historia del Ecuador. Guayaquil, 1885. Resumen de la historia del Ecuador. Guayaquil, 1886. Geografia del Ecuador. Lima, 1888.Google Scholar
  3. Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual Report. London.Google Scholar
  4. Flemming (B.), Wanderungen in Ecuador. Leipzig, 1872.Google Scholar
  5. Gerstäcker (Friedrieh), Achtzehn Monate in Süd-Amerika. 3 vols. Leipzig, 1863.Google Scholar
  6. González Suárez, Historia ecclesiástica del Ecuador. Quito, 1881.Google Scholar
  7. Hassaurek (F.), Four Years among Spanish Americans. 3rd edition. Cincinnati, 1881.Google Scholar
  8. Herrera (P.), Apuntes para la historia de Quito. Quito, 1874.Google Scholar
  9. Kaufmann (A. G.), Garcia Morena, Präsident der Republik Ecuador. Freiburg, 1891.Google Scholar
  10. Kean (A. H.) and Markham (Sir C. R.), Central and South America. Vol. I. [In Stanford’s Compendium.] 2nd ed. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  11. Orton (Prof.), The Andes and the Amazon. New York.Google Scholar
  12. Oviedo y Valdés, Historia de las Indias. Madrid, 1885.Google Scholar
  13. Reiss (W.), and Stübel (A.), Hochgebirge der Republik Ecuador. 3 vols. Berlin, 1892–98.Google Scholar
  14. Schwarda (T.), Reise um die Erde. Vol. III. Braunschweig, 1861.Google Scholar
  15. Simeon (Alfred), Travels in the Wilds of Ecuador. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  16. Stübel (A.), Die Vulkanberge von Ecuador. [Geology and Topography.] Berlin, 1897.Google Scholar
  17. Ternaux-Compans (L.), Histoire du royaume de Quito. Traduitede l’Espagnol. (Volasco, Historia del reino de Quito.) 2 vols. Paris, 1840.Google Scholar
  18. Wagner (Moritz Friedrich), Reisen in Eucador; in ‘Zeitschriftfürallgemeine Erdkunde. Vol. xvi. Berlin, 1864.Google Scholar
  19. Whymper (Edward), Travels amongst the Great Andes of the Equator. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  20. Wolf (T.), Geografia y Geologia del Ecuador. Leipzig, 1891.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1912

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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